Silene gallica L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 417 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, W. Europe to Medit. and Caucasus. It is an annual and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and as a medicine.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2150–3040 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Nariño.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Introduced in Colombia.
Ecology
Alt. 2150 - 3040 m.
[UPB]

Caryophyllaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb with simple or branching stems up to 40 cm. tall; internodes often purplish, with some very short hairs and others up to 2 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 8 × 2·5 cm., sessile or the basal ones narrowing into a short petiole, oblanceolate to spathulate-oblanceolate, rounded or obtuse and mucronate at the apex, cuneate at the base, sparsely hairy on both sides.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences of terminal cymes, often with the flowers on one side of the rhachis, elongating in fruit, 2–9-flowered; bracts foliaceous, narrowly lanceolate, sessile, hairy with the hairs often glandular, smaller than the leaves and decreasing in size up the rhachis; pedicels 0–c. 8 mm. long, hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 8 × 2 mm., oblong-cylindric, enlarging and becoming broadly campanulate in fruit, with both long simple hairs and glandular hairs, 10-veined, with 5 acuminate teeth c. 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white or pinkish, 0·9–1·1 cm. long, narrowly oblanceolate with a long claw and entire limb, with 2 acute coronal scales c. 1·5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with hairy filaments ± the length of the petal-claw.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary narrowly ovoid on a very short puberulous stalk; styles 3, c. 2·5 mm. long, hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, about as long as the persistent calyx; stalk c. 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, dark brown or blackish, c. 0·8 mm. in diam., reniform with depressed faces, minutely tubercled to flat-plated (“armadillo”).
[FZ]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 2150 - 3040 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Caryophyllaceae, W. B. Turrill. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
An annual herb with simple or branched stems, 1.4–4.0 dm. tall, with spreading hairs, some very short others up to 2 mm. in length.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblanceolate or spathulate-oblanceolate, generally rounded and mucronulate at the apex, narrowed to the base, up to 7.7 cm. long and 2.2 cm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence with the appearance of a one-sided raceme terminating the stem or its branches, elongating with age, 2–9-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 8–10 mm. long, enlarging (and especially broadening) in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals entire, 9–11 mm. long and with the expanded portion 1.5–3.5 mm. broad, white or pinkish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules on stalks 2–10 mm. long, erect to more or less reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, grey to black, minutely tubercled to flat-plated (“armadillo”).
Habitat
Weed of wheat and maize fields, roadsides, waste places, grasslands, 1500–2700 m.
Distribution
K3 K5 T3 U2 Central and S. Europe, N. Africa, Turkey to Iran, now introduced as a weed into many parts of the world
[FTEA]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
argentina, botijita, botijitas, calabacillo, cascabel, choroticos, forastera, pichincha
[UNAL]

Uses

Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Use Medicines Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
Medicinal (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Common Names

English
Small-flowered Catchfly

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0