Syngonanthus angolensis H.E.Hess

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Eriocaulaceae, Sylvia Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1997

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial from a short rootstock.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves narrowly linear, loosely erect or curving outwards, 1.5–7 cm. long, 0.6–1.7 mm. wide, pilose on both surfaces especially when young, glabrescent, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scapes up to ± 8, 20–45 cm. high, 3-ribbed, pilose with pointed hairs, densely so below the capitulum, appressed-pilose between the ribs lower down, glandular hairs absent or sparse; sheaths equalling or longer than the leaves, softly pilose to subglabrous, the limb scarcely inflated, rather stiffly erect, tapering to an acute tip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitulum 7–9.5 mm. diameter, ivory-white to cream-coloured with a brown base and brown inside towards the centre; involucral bracts mostly shorter than the capitulum width, the longest reaching the periphery, brown near the scape, pallid around the periphery, subacute to acute, the outermost narrowly ovate, 2.0–2.3 mm. long, glabrous, the inner narrowly elliptic-oblong, 3.0–3.7 mm. long, innermost shortly ciliate on the margins; receptacle villous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 2.0–2.5 mm. long; female sepals pallid, narrowly oblong, ciliate on themargins and back with fine caducous hairs, obtuse or acute; male sepals connate and dark brown below the middle, the free lobes pallid, obtuse-denticulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid, 0.5 mm. long, white-striate.
Figures
Fig. 6/1–7.
Habitat
Marshy areas adjoining watercourses and boggy seepages on slopes in grassland; 950–2200 m.
Distribution
T4 T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Syngonanthus angolensis H.E.Hess appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bidgood, S. [5645], Tanzania K000468779
Hess, H. [52/2147], Angola K000978800 isotype
Hess, H. [52/2113], Angola K000978801 isotype

First published in Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 65: 193 (1955)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2010). Flora Zambesiaca 13(4): 1-151. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • H. Hess in Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 65: 193, t. 9/10 & 13, fig. 7–8 on p. 198 (1955).
  • S.M. Phillips in Kew Bulletin 52: 79, fig. 2E–F (1997).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0