Genus:
Acalypha L.

Acalypha petiolaris Hochst.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Euphorbiaceae, A. R.-Smith. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1987

Morphology General Habit
A perennial herb or subshrub up to 1(–2) m. tall, with a few erect, ascending or decumbent stems arising from a woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems at the same time both crisped-puberulous and sparingly to densely patent-hirsute.
Morphology Leaves
Petioles (0.3–)1–3(–5) cm. long, hairy like the stems, usually with a pair of filiform glands 1 mm. long at the junction with the blade; leaf-blade sometimes ovate, more often ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate or even linear-lanceolate, (2–)5–12.5(–14) cm. long, (0.5–)1–4 cm. wide, attenuate or subacutely to obtusely acuminate, usually cordate, sometimes rounded or truncate, serrate or crenate-serrate, often rather coarsely so, firmly membranous, (5–)7(–9)-nerved at the base, lateral nerves 5–8 pairs, sparingly to evenly, rarely densely, pubescent or hirsute above and beneath, more particularly on the midrib and main veins.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules subulate-filiform, 1.5–4(–6) mm. long, with a few subsessile glands on the margin, sparingly pilose.
sex Male
Male flowers:pedicels ± 1 mm. long; buds 4-lobate, subglobose, sparingly pubescent. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 11 cm. long, densely flowered, pedunculate or not, sometimes the peduncle up to half the length of the inflorescence; axis crisped-puberulous; bracts linear, 1.5 mm. long, acute, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Female inflorescences spicate, usually solitary, terminal, capitate, subcylindric or cylindric, up to 3 cm. long and 1.5 cm. wide when mature, subsessile or shortly pedunculate; bracts transversely ovate to suborbicular, accrescent, 5 mm. long and 1 cm. wide when fully developed, dentate, sparingly pubescent and fairly densely beset with stipitate glands without, and within on the teeth, 1-flowered. Male racemes solitary, axillary, up to 11 cm. long, densely flowered, pedunculate or not, sometimes the peduncle up to half the length of the inflorescence; axis crisped-puberulous; bracts linear, 1.5 mm. long, acute, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3(–4), ovate-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, acute, ciliate, pubescent without, glabrous within; ovary trilobate-subglobose, 0.8 mm. diameter, pubescent in the upper half; styles free, up to 1.6 cm. long, pectinate, red. Male flowers:pedicels ± 1 mm. long; buds 4-lobate, subglobose, sparingly pubescent.
sex Female
Female flowers sessile; sepals 3(–4), ovate-lanceolate, 1 mm. long, acute, ciliate, pubescent without, glabrous within; ovary trilobate-subglobose, 0.8 mm. diameter, pubescent in the upper half; styles free, up to 1.6 cm. long, pectinate, red. Female inflorescences spicate, usually solitary, terminal, capitate, subcylindric or cylindric, up to 3 cm. long and 1.5 cm. wide when mature, subsessile or shortly pedunculate; bracts transversely ovate to suborbicular, accrescent, 5 mm. long and 1 cm. wide when fully developed, dentate, sparingly pubescent and fairly densely beset with stipitate glands without, and within on the teeth, 1-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits trilobate, 4 mm. long, 5 mm. diameter, sparingly pubescent and with a few scattered glandular hairs at the apex, glabrous below.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid-subglobose, 2.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, smooth, dark grey, with a depressed-hemispherical caruncle ± 1 mm. across.
Habitat
Wooded and open grassland, extending marginally into woodland and forest edges, persisting in cultivated ground; 50–2000 m.
Distribution
K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U2 from Senegal eastwards to Ethiopia and south to Namibia, Botswana, South Africa (Transvaal) and Swaziland

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
A hairy herb, 2–3 ft. or more high, woody at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Red-purple female flowers.
sex Female
Red-purple female flowers.

[FWTA]

Euphorbiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb; stems to 16 in. high.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Hairy stemmed acalypha

Acalypha petiolaris Hochst. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Drège, C. [s.n.], South Africa K000431109 Yes
Krauss [367], South Africa K000431110 Unknown type material Yes
Drège, C. [s.n.], South Africa K000431111 Yes
Krauss [319], South Africa K000431112 Yes
Jan 1, 1949 Semsei, S.R. [FH2480], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452708 No
Dawkins, H.C. [453], Uganda Acalypha villicaulis 4326.000 No
Schimper [781], Ethiopia Acalypha villicaulis K000431035 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [781], Ethiopia Acalypha villicaulis K000431034 Unknown type material Yes
Quartin-Dillon [90], Ethiopia Acalypha villicaulis K000431031 Yes
Kirk, J. [s.n.], Mozambique Acalypha villicaulis K000431090 Unknown type material Yes
Harris, T. [31], Mozambique Acalypha villicaulis K000545033 No
Richards, M. [28627], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452726 No
Richards, M. [29011], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452727 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [5379], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452673 No
Smith, F.G.S. [1148], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452703 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [5189], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452674 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [1118], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452682 No
Richards, H.M. [24795], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452686 No
Polhill, R.M. [2360], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452687 No
Haarer, A.E. [531], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452689 No
Magogo [356], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452693 No
Newbould, J.B. [2418], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452719 No
Newbould, J.B. [4215], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452721 No
Koritschoner, H. [842], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452700 No
Thomas, L. [3], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452705 No
Harley, R.M. [9272], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452722 No
Richards, H.M. [11747], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452723 No
Ruffo, C.K. [3216], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452748 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [7744], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452749 No
Burtt, B.D. [1044], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452731 No
Greenway, P.J. [15340], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452732 No
Mwasumbi, L.B. [DSM505], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452733 No
Bruce, E.M. [311], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452735 No
Lovett, J. [3785], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452736 No
Lovett, J. [3289A], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452737 No
Greenway, P.J. [14289], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452741 No
Luke, W.R.Q. [5587], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452743 No
Thulin, M. [922], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452740 No
Burtt, B.D. [1707], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452688 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [7078], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452697 No
Bullock, A.A. [2288], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452706 No
Gereau, R.E. [3057], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452744 No
Pirozynski, K.A. [P29], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452725 No
Richards, H.M. [26149], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452716 No
Lovett, J. [3580], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452738 No
Mbago, F. [1048], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452701 No
Schimper [737], Ethiopia Acalypha villicaulis K000431032 Unknown type material Yes
Gillman, H. [484], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452684 No
Chevalier, A. [5495], Central African Republic Acalypha villicaulis K000431044 Yes
Schimper [737], Ethiopia Acalypha villicaulis K000431033 Unknown type material Yes
Tanner, R.E.S. [4849], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452676 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [4512], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452678 No
Kisena [1384], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452711 No
Archbold, M.E. [3104], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452691 No
Clutton-Brock, T.H. [482], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452713 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [5261], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452675 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [4182], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452679 No
Hasegawa, T.O.M. [57], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452712 No
Richards, H.M. [11153], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452720 No
Llyod, H.M. [24], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452710 No
Sanane, M. [203], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452714 No
Faulkner [1395], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452698 No
Lovett, J. [1066], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452685 No
Lovett, J. [3941], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452746 No
Thomas, L. [94], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452707 No
Pirozynski, K.A. [P654], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452715 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [1155], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452681 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [7496], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452750 No
Koritschoner, H. [1880A], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452683 No
Bidgood, S.C. [1815], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452747 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [1499], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452680 No
Bally, P.R.O. [5804], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452699 No
Faulkner [4679], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452694 No
Hornby [2054], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452730 No
Newbould, J.B. [2417], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452718 No
Archbold, M.E. [2827], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452692 No
Bjornstad, A. [AB1216], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452739 No
Mwasumbi, L.B. [16577], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452745 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [3088], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452695 No
Richards, M. [28695], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452728 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [4648], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452677 No
Boaler, S.B. [482], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452724 No
Mahinde, S. [HCM56], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452702 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [5613B], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452672 No
Newbould, J.B. [2383], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452717 No
Richards, M. [18672], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452742 No
Iversen, S.T. [87128], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452690 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [2758], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452696 No
Polhill, R.M. [1116], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452729 No
Haerdi, F. [412O], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452734 No
Welch, J.R. [55], Tanzania Acalypha villicaulis K000452704 No

First published in Flora 28: 83 (1845)

Accepted by

  • (2009). African flowering plants database, Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Villle de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria version 3.1 http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/.

Not accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Acalypha brachiata.]
  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Acalypha brachiata.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/