Euphorbia L.

Euphorbia cameronii N.E.Br.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Somalia, data lost (see note) (K holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Densely branched glabrous shrub or small tree 2–8 m high
Morphology Branches
Branches terete, fleshy, green, marked with prominent crescent-shaped leaf-scars
Morphology Leaves
Leaves shortly petiolate, ovate, 2–4 x 1–2.5 cm with rounded apex, soon deciduous; petiole 2–4 mm long; stipules glandular, contiguous with a crowded row of small but conspicuous dark brown axillary glands, persistent after the leaf has fallen
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes terminal, in a 2–3-branched umbel or reduced to a solitary cyathium, on peduncles 2–5 mm long; bracts 2–3, conspicuous, transversely elliptic, 1–1.5 x 1.5–2.5 cm, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Cyathia 7 mm in diam.; glands 5, 3–3.5 mm broad, green becoming yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens well exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth an obvious rim below the ovary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles 4.5 mm long, joined to halfway, with recurved thickened rugose apices
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule exserted on a recurved pedicel 10–13 mm long, subglobose, c. 1.5 cm in diam., obtusely 3-lobed, with 2 small fleshy ridges at the base of each lobe, pale green flushed with red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds globose, 5–6 mm in diam., smooth, pale grey, minutely brown-speckled; caruncle 1.5–2 mm wide, yellow.
N1–3 not known elsewhere.
Altitude range 400–1600 m.
Ciin, mirhig (Somali)
Prior to 1911, the date of publication of the species, the type material was almost certainly collected inland from Berbera at the “Behindullah” locality in N1 (Bally 10400), and by either Mrs Lort Phillips, or – as Bally suggested – by Drake-Brockman. The data on the label attached to the type-specimen states: “British Central Africa [Malawi], 1905. Habitat Ntondwe. No. 153. K. J. Cameron, Esq.” As discussed by Bally in Candollea 18: 13 & 354 (1962–3), this label clearly does not belong to the specimen, the only one N. E. Brown saw.

Native to:


Euphorbia cameronii N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Robertson, S.A. [1379], Somalia 42297.000 No
Bally [11853], Somalia 48064.000 No
Somalia 51976.000 No
Hemming, C.F. [2076], Somalia 5212.000 No
Collenette, J.S. [8717], Djibouti 62889.000 No
Robertson, S.A. [1379], Somalia 900.023 No
Cameron, K.J. [[153]], Somalia K000252849 Yes

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1): 554 (1911)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by S. Carter [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.