Aizoon canariense L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 488 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, N. Africa to S. Pakistan and S. Africa. It is an annual or subshrub and grows primarily in the desert or dry shrubland biome.

Descriptions

Aïzoaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1961

Morphology General Habit
A prostrate often rather thick-stemmed and tough annual or perennial herb.
Morphology Stem
Stem pilose, often also finely papillose, 1–5 mm. diameter, 0.5–30 cm. long or more.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, petiolate; blade suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, rounded obtuse or bluntly subacuminate at apex, decurrent into the petiole at the base, more or less pilose on both sides, entire, 6–40 mm. long, 2–40 mm. broad; petiole 3–16 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in leaf-axils or in the forks of the branches, sessile, often numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes 5 (rarely 4) triangular, acute, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens about 12–15, inserted on the calyx-tube in fascicles at the bases of the sinuses between the calyx-lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles short, deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit usually red or pink, pentagonal (rarely tetragonal) stelliform, depressed centrally, 5–8 mm. diameter, splitting into 5 (rarely 4) valves, the valves as many as the carpels, inflexed and remaining attached to the centre of the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, reniform, concentrically ridged.
Figures
Fig. 11/1–2, p. 33.
Habitat
“In a small crater”
Distribution
tropical and North Africa from the Atlantic Islands and Cape Verde to Arabia and Baluchistan, in the drier regionsalso Portuguese East Africa, South and South West Africa K1
[FTEA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual or short-lived perennial herb
Morphology Stem
Stems prostrate, thick and tough, pilose and finely papillose, mostly part of the largely apparently monochasial inflorescence
Morphology Leaves
Leaves very regularly alternate, flat on the ground; petiole 3–16 mm long; leaf-blade suborbicular to oblanceolate, up to 4 x 4 cm, base decurrent into petiole, tip rounded to bluntly subacuminate, pilose above and below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers (4–)5-merous, apparently solitary in axils or forks of branches, sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals acute, yellowish inside, reddish or green and pilose outside
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 12–15 in groups alternating with tepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Styles short, soon lost
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit (4–)5-sided/star-shaped, 5–8 mm diam., depressed in centre, opening by (4–)5 inflexed valves which remain attached near the centre
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, reniform, concentrically ridged.
Distribution
N1–3 Eritrea, Sudan, N Kenya, west through northern Africa to Atlantic Islands, Arabia, Pakistan, Mozambique, South Africa, Namibia.
Ecology
Altitude range 700–1100 m.
[FSOM]

Aizoaceae, M. L. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
A prostrate often rather thick and many-stemmed annual or perennial herb.
Morphology Stem
Stem up to c. 40 cm. long, pilose, often also finely papillose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, leaf-lamina 8–70 × 4–45 mm., suborbicular to oblanceolate-obovate, rounded or bluntly subacuminate at apex, decurrent into the petiole at base, ± pilose on both sides, entire, with petiole 3–18 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary in leaf-axils or in forks of the branches, sessile, often numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 5, c. 3 mm. long, triangular, acute, yellowish inside, greenish or reddish and pilose outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 12–15, inserted on calyx-tube in fascicles at the base of the sinuses between calyx-lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 5-locular; styles 5, short; stigmas 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 5–9 mm. in diameter, usually red or pink, pentagonal, stellate, depressed centrally, splitting into 5 valves, these inflexed and remaining attached to the centre of the ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ?, reniform, concentrically ridged.
[FZ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images