Osyris L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands Medit. to S. China and Indo-China, Eritrea to S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Santalaceae, P.M. Polhill, B.A., Ph.D., F.L.S.. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or small evergreen trees; branchlets ribbed by raised vascular strands running out into midribs of leaves, ultimate twiglets flattened
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, opposite or alternate, penninerved, coriaceous, both surfaces minutely and closely white-dotted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite and male (plants androdioecious), axillary and terminal, either solitary or in 2–3-flowered dichasia or umbellate clusters, sometimes panicled; bracts and bracteoles very small, free from peduncle, soon deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth tube very short; lobes usually 3 or 4, valvate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens normally 3 or 4, inserted at base of perianth lobes; anthers attached to lobes by tuft of hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk fleshy, lobed, lining inside of perianth tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary with 3–4 ovules pendent from apex of erect free-central placenta; stigma 3–4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit indehiscent, ovoid, epicarp fleshy.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts and bracteoles very small, free from peduncle, soon deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth tube very short; lobes usually 3 or 4, valvate Perianth tube very short; lobes usually 3 or 4, valvate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens normally 3 or 4, inserted at base of lobes; anthers attached to lobes by tuft of hairs Stamens normally 3 or 4, inserted at base of lobes; anthers attached to lobes by tuft of hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk fleshy, lobed, lining inside of perianth tube Disk fleshy, lobed, lining inside of perianth tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary with 3–4 ovules pendant from apex of erect free-central placenta; stigma 3- or 4-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit indehiscent, ovoid, epicarp fleshy. Fruit indehiscent, ovoid, epicarp fleshy.
Distribution
A genus of 4 species, occurring in Africa and through southern Europe to SE Asia.
Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or small trees; branchlets ribbed by raised vascular strands running out into midribs of leaves, ultimate twiglets flattened. Shrubs or small trees; branchlets ribbed by raised vascular strands running out into midribs of leaves, ultimate twiglets flattened
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, opposite or alternate, penninerved, coriaceous, both surfaces minutely and closely white-dotted. Leaves petiolate, opposite or alternate, penninerved, coriaceous, both surfaces minutely and closely white-dotted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite and male (plants androdioecious), axillary and terminal, either solitary or in 2–3-flowered dichasia or umbellate clusters, sometimes panicled. Flowers hermaphrodite and male (plants androdioecious), axillary and terminal, either solitary or in 2–3-flowered dichasia or umbellate clusters, sometimes panicled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracts and bracteoles very small, free from peduncle, soon deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary with 3–4 ovules pendant from apex of erect free-central placenta; stigma 3- or 4-lobed.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Assam, Baleares, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Eritrea, France, Free State, Greece, India, Iran, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Portugal, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Osyris L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1022 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • A. DC. in de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 632 (1857).
  • Bentham & J.D. Hooker, Gen. Pl. 3, 1: 227 (1880).
  • Bentham in Bentham & J.D. Hooker, Gen. Pl. 3, 1: 227 (1880).
  • F.C. 5, 2: 208 (1915).
  • F.T.A. 6, 1: 433 (1911).
  • Hill in F.C. 5, 2: 208 (1915).
  • J.G. Baker & Hill in F.T.A. 6, 1: 433 (1911).
  • Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 21: 1 (1969).
  • Roessler in Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 21: 1 (1969).
  • Sp. Pl.: 1022 (1753).
  • Stauffer in Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 106: 394 (1961).
  • Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 106: 394 (1961).
  • de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 632 (1857).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 14: 632 (1857)
  • Hilliard in Edinb. J. Bot. 51: 391 (1994)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 978 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 1022 (1753)
  • Stauffer in Viert. Nat. Ges. Zürich 106: 394 (1961)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0