Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Melianthaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves imparipinnate or 3-foliolate; rhachis terete or narrowly to broadly winged; leaflets entire to coarsely dentate; stipules intrapetiolar, papery, persistent or not.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a dense raceme.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers unisexual (or possibly polygamous) but with well-developed vestiges of the opposite sex, slightly zygomorphic.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, much shorter than the petals, persistent, the 2 anterior ones ± connate or completely fused.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, spathulate, densely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk annular-pentagonal or unilateral forming 25 or 4 sides of a pentagon.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–5(8); filaments densely hairy, flattened and connate at the base; anthers dorsifixed; antherodes smaller than the anthers and without pollen.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium
Ovary 4–5-locular, narrowly ovoid-conic, densely hairy, gradually narrowed into the style; ovules 1 per loculus, basal; stigma capitate; pistillode similar to the fertile gynoecium but much smaller and shorter, with very small vestigial ovules and lacking a stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a woody capsule opening by 4–5 thick valves, smooth to densely echinate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with a conspicuous waxy aril.

[FTEA]

Melianthaceae, B. Verdcourt (East African Herbarium). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1958

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pinnate; rhachis narrowly to broadly winged or terete; leaflets entire to coarsely dentate, acuminate
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules large
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a short to long, dense raceme
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers slightly irregular, often functionally unisexual, white, yellowish or purple-pink, usually scented
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–5, the two anterior ones more or less connate or completely fused
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, free, narrowly oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4–6; filaments densely hirsute and flattened below
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 4–5–locular, narrowly ovoid-conic, densely hirsute, narrowed into a rather short thick style; stigma capitate or small and no wider than apex of style; ovules one in each loculus
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a woody capsule, 4–5–lobed and seeded, smooth to very densely echinate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with a conspicuous waxy aril.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Bersama Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Coll. Nat. d'Agric. de Dschang [1802], Cameroon K000093433

First published in Mus. Senckenberg. 2: 280 (1837)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Mus. Senckenb. 2: 280, t. 17 (1837).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak.f. in J.B. 45: 12–21 (1907)
  • Engl., V.E. 3 (2): 289–297 (1921)
  • Verdc. in K.B. 1950: 233–244 (1950)
  • in Mus. Senckenb. 2: 280, t. 17 (1837)
  • v. Brehmer in E.J. 54: 393–415 (1917)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0