Centaurium tenuiflorum (Hoffmanns. & Link) Fritsch

First published in Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Univ. Wien, ser. 2, 5: 97 (1907)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SW. Europe to Medit., Chad, Socotra. It is an annual and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Erect, glabrous annual up to 35 cm tall
Morphology Stem
Stem simple, 4-angled, narrowly winged
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in 5–9 pairs below the lowermost inflorescence branch, ovate to lanceolate, obtuse or subacute, 1–2.5 × 1 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink, pedicellate in rather dense terminal cymes; cyme branches strict
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5-lobed, lobes linear-subulate, acute, slightly shorter than corolla-tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla-tube ± 10 mm, limb 5-lobed, lobes narrowly ovate-oblong, ± 4.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens inserted in throat
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma distinctly 2-branched.
Ecology
Fields, wasteland, ditches; up to 1500 m alt.
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Apr.–May.
Distribution
Aegean Islands, Cyprus, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Armenia, Iran, Baluchistan, Turkmenistan, Egypt, N Africa (Morocco, Algeria, Libya), Cape Verde Islands, W & S Europe. Occasional in steppe and desert region of Iraq, extending up into lower forest zone.
Note
Jakobsen recognizes subsp. acutiflorum (Schott) Zeltner based on the basal rosette of leaves being absent, shorter internodes and a generally smaller corolla tube. Specimens from Iraq are quite variable and difficult to place in the subspecies recognized by Jakobsen.
[FIQ]

Sources

  • Flora of Iraq

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0