Cannaceae Juss.

Canna L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.


Cannaceae, J.M.Lock. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

Description as for the family.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Morphology General Habit
Rhizomatous herbs, usually unbranched
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire, spirally set
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence terminal, simple or branched, usually with 2 flowers in the axil of each bract
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Showy part of flower formed by usually 4 basally ± united petaloid staminodes, the inner one, the lip or “labellum” shorter and reflexed; fertile stamen 1, petaloid; anther 1-thecous, attached at the margin, longitudinally dehiscent Flowers bisexual, showy, zygomorphic. Perianth of 3 outer ± sepaloid free tepals (“calyx”), and 3 inner petaloid tepals longer than the outer and ± united at the base (“corolla”)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary inferior, warty, 3-celled; ovules many; style 1, flat, petaloid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule.
Some 12 species in tropical and subtropical America.
Numerous hybrids have been produced.

Several species grown as ornamentals

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Arkansas, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Canna L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Maas-van de Kamer, H. & Maas, P.J.M. (2008). The Cannaceae of the world Blumea 53: 247-318.
  • de las Mercedes Ciciarelli, M. & Rolleri, C.H. (2008). Morfología, taxonomía y caracterización de siete especies neotropicales del genero Canna (Cannaceae, Zingiberales) Botanica Complutensis 32: 157-184.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 327
  • Kränzlin in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 47 Cannac.: (1912).
  • Sp. Pl. 1 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. Kränzlin in E.P. IV. 47: 27 (1912)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 1 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 1 (1753)
  • W.Segeren & P.J.M. Maas, Acta Bot. Neerl. 20: 663-680 (1971)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Neotropikey

    Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.