Canna L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical & Subtropical America.


Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Arkansas, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Cambodia, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Central African Republic, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Galápagos, Gambia, Gilbert Is., Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, India, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Laos, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Malaya, Marquesas, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Portugal, Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe


Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms


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POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Maas-van de Kamer, H. & Maas, P.J.M. (2008). The Cannaceae of the world. Blumea 53: 247-318.
  • de las Mercedes Ciciarelli, M. & Rolleri, C.H. (2008). Morfología, taxonomía y caracterización de siete especies neotropicales del genero Canna (Cannaceae, Zingiberales). Botanica Complutensis 32: 157-184.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 327
  • Kränzlin in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 47 Cannac.: (1912).
  • Sp. Pl. 1 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. Kränzlin in E.P. IV. 47: 27 (1912)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 1 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 1 (1753)
  • W.Segeren & P.J.M. Maas, Acta Bot. Neerl. 20: 663-680 (1971)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2005 Argentina K000307936 Isotype Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6622] Nepal K000639627 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6622] K001124333 Unknown Type Material Yes
Plowman, T. [5700] Peru K:SPC-44585.000 No
Meyer, F.G. [7811] Ethiopia K002918109 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6622] K001124332 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6622] K001124334 Unknown Type Material Yes
Archer, W.A. [9207] Ethiopia K002918108 No
Erskine, C.M. [E130] Brazil K:SPC-36288.000 No
[G. Uhe] [1194] Norfolk Island K002917970 No


  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.