Marantochloa Brongn. ex Gris

First published in Bull. Soc. Bot. France 7: 321 (1860)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropical Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

Descriptions

Marantaceae, E. Milne-Redhead. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous or pubescent herbs
Morphology Stem
Stems erect or spreading, branched or rarely simple, bearing many leaves or rarely only one leaf, glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade strongly asymmetric, homotropic or rarely anti-tropic, the rounded side with a more deeply coloured marginal zone beneath (i.e. the part exposed in bud)
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lax or congested, each branch with about four nodes, with one or two fascicled cymules at each node; each cymule backed by a prophyll; mesophylls present; cymule pedunculate or subsessile, with the pedicellate flowers arranged at different levels; fleshy bracteoles absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Outer staminodes 2, petaloid; the hooded staminode with a spur-like appendage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 3-locular, often pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule tardily dehiscent, smooth, more or less pubescent, not fleshy within
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed shaped like a third segment of a sphere, with a small basal aril.
[FTEA]

Marantaceae, E. Milne-Redhead. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1952

Morphology General Habit
Herbs with rhizome
Morphology Stem
Stems erect or spreading, branched, bearing one inflorescence and several leaves
Morphology Leaves
Petiole sometimes long (up to 9 dm.), the part directly below the leaf-blade calloused; blade elliptic, asymmetric
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymule subsessile with the flowers ± side by side but opening at different times; fleshy bracteoles absent Inflorescence terminal, much branched, very condensed, the branches with few nodes and with up to 4 two-flowered cymules at each node, subtended by a wide sheathing bract which does not enclose the part of the inflorescence above it, persistent; each cymule backed by a two-nerved prophyll; mesophylls present
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Outer staminodes 2, petaloid; spur-like appendage to hooded staminode absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 3-locular, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit indehiscent, 1–3-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed with an aril.
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0