Geranium incanum Burm.f.

First published in Spec. Bot. Geran.: 28 (1759)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Africa. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Geraniaceae, T. Müller. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, creeping and scrambling; stems longitudinally furrowed, pilose, but sometimes becoming nearly tomentose or densely glandular on the upper parts of the stems.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 3–7-lobed, divided nearly to the base; lobes 0·5–2 mm. across at base, ovate to elliptic in outline, deeply divided into linear to oblong-lanceolate segments, pilose above and tomentose below; petiole 0·5–25 cm. long, longitudinally furrowed, pilose; stipules 3–15 mm. long, lacerated nearly to the base into linear-lanceolate segments, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 2-flowered; peduncle 1–13 cm. long, pilose, tomentose or glandular; pedicels 1–4 cm. long, pilose, tomentose or glandular; bracts 2–7 mm. long, linear-lanceolate, hyaline at the edge, pilose or tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5–10 × 2–3 mm., ovate-lanceolate, cuspidate, 3-nerved and pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 9–15 × 4–8 mm., obovate, retuse at the apex, white, pink or mauve with dark veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, filaments about 6 mm. long, narrowly lanceolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary pubescent; stigmas 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Cocci smooth, pilose; mature rostrum 13–27 × 1–2 mm., pubescent or glandular; stigmas 1–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds glabrous; testa covered with a shallow reticulate pattern.
[FZ]

Geraniaceae, J. O. Kokwaro (University College Nairobi). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Perennial semiscandent, creeping and scrambling herb up to 1 m. long; stems longitudinally grooved, pilose (or glabrous below) but sometimes becoming nearly tomentose or densely glandular on the upper parts.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves:lowermost in basal rosettes, middle ones alternate or opposite, and the terminal sets usually opposite; lamina 3–7-lobed nearly to the base; lobes 0.5–2 mm. wide at the base, ovate to elliptic in outline, deeply divided into linear or oblong-lanceolate segments, pilose above and silvery tomentose beneath; petiole 0.5–25 cm. long, longitudinally grooved, pilose; stipules divided nearly to the base into linear-lanceolate segments, 3–15 mm. long, pilose especially on the abaxial surface.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 2-flowered; peduncle 1–3 cm. long, pilose to tomentose or glandular; pedicels 1–4 cm. long; bracts linear-lanceolate, 2–7 mm. long, hyaline along the edges, pilose or tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate-lanceolate, 5–10 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, cuspidate, 3-nerved and pilose, hispid to tomentose and with glandular hairs outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate, 6–15 mm. long, 4–8 mm. wide, refuse, white, pink or mauve with dark veins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens:filaments narrowly lanceolate, 4.2–6 mm. long, hispid to pubescent at base, cream or brown; anthers 1.2–1.5 mm. long, 0.6–0.8 mm. wide, yellowish-brown.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary pubescent; stigmas 1–4 mm. long, red or pale pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps smooth, pilose; mature rostrum 13–27 mm. long, 1–2 mm. wide, pubescent or glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.6–2 mm. long, 0.9–1.2 mm. wide, glabrous; testa covered with a shallow reticulate pattern, pale pink to dark brown.
[FTEA]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0