Pelargonium graveolens L'Hér.

First published in W.Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 423 (1789)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is E. Zimbabwe to E. Cape Prov. It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1700 - 2900 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
[CPLC]

Geraniaceae, T. Müller. Flora Zambesiaca 2:1. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Suffrutex up to 1·3 m. tall, strongly aromatic; internodes 1–8 cm. (or 0·2–1 cm. in E.M.&W. 348) long; vegetative parts, peduncles and pedicels glandular and pubescent, tomentose when young, hairs patent or ± oppressed on the leaves, glands short-stalked to ± sessile.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 2–7 × 2·5–8 cm. (2·3 × 2·5–4 cm. in E.M.&W. 348), broadly ovate to depressed-ovate, pinnatipartite or sometimes almost palmatipartite, cordate at the base; two basal segments much larger than the rest and often further subdivided with segments often pinnatilobed and irregularly dentate, margin revolute; petiole l·5–4 (8) cm. long (0·2–1·7 cm. in E.M. & W. 348); stipules 4–9 × 3–7 mm., deltate to broadly ovate, acute, often bifid, membranous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a pseudumbel of (1) 2–5 (7) flowers; peduncle (0·2) 1–4 cm. long, leaf-opposed or in the axil of the smaller of 2 apparently opposite leaves; bracts 3–8, 5–8 × 2–4 mm., ovate, membranous; free part of pedicel (2) 4–8 (10) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spur 4–8 (10) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 7·5–11 × 2–5 mm., narrowly lanceolate to narrowly ovate or lorate to narrowly oblong, acute, patent-pubescent and glandular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals pink with darker veins; 2 posterior ones (14) 17–20 × 5–5·6 (6) mm., spathulate; 3 anterior ones (11) 13–15 × 2–3·5 (4) mm., oblanceolate to narrowly obovate, unguiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Stamens with fertile filaments 7, 10–16 mm. long; sterile filaments (staminodes) 3, 5–8 mm. long, all 10 connate at the base for 1·5–5 mm.; anthers 2–2·8 × 0·9–1 ·2 (1 ·5) mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary with basal part tomentose; rostrum pubescent; style 5–8 mm. long; stigmas 2–2·8 (3·2) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1·8–2·4 cm. long; cocci 5–5·5 × 1·4–1·7 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 3·2–3·6 × 1·4–1·8 mm., obovate, pale brown, minutely reticulate.
[FZ]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1700–2900 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Colombian departments: Bogotá DC, Cauca, Cundinamarca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Uses

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0