Torenia L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

[FZ]

Scrophulariaceae, D. Philcox. Flora Zambesiaca 8:2. 1990

Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds small, numerous.
Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial, erect, ascending or decumbent, glabrous, pubescent or hirsute herbs; stems quandrangular or subquadrangular.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, sessile or petiolate, entire or variously toothed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, axillary, or either in terminal or axillary well-developed racemes or with few flowers on much shortened branches appearing somewhat fasciculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Pedicels ebracteolate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular, 3–5-lobed or bilabiate, shallowly or deeply 3–5-winged, sometimes appearing plicate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular; tube cylindric; bilabiate with upper lip bilobed emarginate or subentire, lower lip larger with 3 subequal lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, perfect; posterior pair included, filaments filiform; anterior attached to throat of corolla tube, filaments arched, connivent under upper lip, each with small appendage at base; anthers usually cohering in pairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary Ovules
Ovules many.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule equal to or slightly shorter than calyx, septicidal.

[FTEA]

Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Morphology General Habit
Annual or perennial herbs.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, straggling, creeping and rooting
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, toothed or entire, petiolate or sessile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers solitary, paired or subumbellate, seldom racemose in elongated racemes and panicles terminating the stems; usually long-pedicellate; bracteoles linear at base of petioles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular, 3–5-winged, rarely only ridged, 3–5-toothed or 2-lipped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular, tube cylindric, 2-lipped with upper lip emarginate or entire, lower lip larger with 3 ± equal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous; posterior pair inserted in the tube; anterior pair inserted in the corolla throat; filaments arched, each with a tooth-like appendage at the base; anthers bithecal; style shortly divided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule oblong, included in the persistent calyx, septicidal
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Colombia, Congo, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marquesas, Mexico Central, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Tonga, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Brazil South, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Mauritius, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, North Carolina, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, South Carolina, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Windward Is.

Torenia L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 619 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 4, 2: 334.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 270 (1754).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Sp. P1.: 619 (1753)

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/