Brugmansia Pers.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical America.


Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Morphology General Habit
Small trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, glabrous to pubescent, hairs eglandular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually solitary, occasionally in short monochasial cymes, pendulous or nodding, usually fragrant, opening diurnally and remaining open during anthesis; pedicels elongating during fruiting
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx elongate and tubular, usually enclosing the lower half of the corolla, often zygomorphic, five-dentate or spatulate through splitting irregularly on one side, not circumscissile, often persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tubular below becoming funnel- or trumpet-shaped above; tube long and slender, the lobes fused almost to the apex where the margins 5–10-toothed with the lobes often recurved, each with three prominent veins and the teeth cuspidate or caudate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually inserted mid-way on corolla tube and alternating with lobes, included; filaments glabrous above, villous from point of adnation where broadest, tapering towards base and anthers, becoming pilose below; anthers linear, basifixed, villous, free or connivent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary superior, glabrous, bilocular; style long, filiform, usually exserted beyond anthers but included; stigma ovoid to ellipsoid, clasping the apical part of style and appearing bilobed in profile
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a large, smooth berry, indehiscent, usually enclosed by calyx remnants; fruiting pedicels elongated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, large often triangular, irregular or subreniform, with a thick (suberose) corky testa; caruncle absent.
As they contain tropane alkaloids, Brugmansias are widely used for their potent psychotic and medicinal properties in South America. They have often been included as a section of the genus Datura L., but most authors now consider Brugmansia to be generically distinct ( cf. Lockwood, 1973; Persson et al., 1999). The plants are commonly known as Floripondios or Tree Daturas in the Americas, as Angel’s Trumpets in Europe and as Moonflowers in Africa. Fruits are rare in Africa; the plants are self-incompatible and pollinated by hummingbirds or moths in their native habitat. A genus in which 5 to 14 species have been variously described, though recent work suggests that the true number lies between six ( cf. Hunziker, 2001) and eight ( cf. Persson et al., 1999). They are all native to disturbed habitats in Andean South America but have been widely planted as ornamentals and hedging plants in many tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Some of the species are considered to be natural hybrids and there are many races and cultivars. Indeed, although the group originated in north-west South America, some authors now consider that the species no longer occur in the wild and should all be considered as cultigens (eg: Bristol, Bot. Mus., Leafl.: 229–248 (1966)).

Native to:

Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile North, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Ascension, Assam, Azores, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Borneo, Cameroon, Canary Is., Chatham Is., Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, India, Jamaica, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Kermadec Is., Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Marquesas, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Uganda, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zaïre

Brugmansia Pers. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1984 Cid Ferreira, C.A. [3109], Brazil K001073147 Yes
Prance, G.T. [12399], Brazil K001073146 Yes

First published in Syn. Pl. 1: 216 (1805)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hay, A., Gottschalk, M. & Holguín, A. (2012). Huanduj. Brugmansia: 1-424. Florilegium, Glebe, Australia.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bot. Mus. Leafl. 17(1): 2 (1955)
  • Bot. Mus. Leaflet 23(6): 273–281 (1973);
  • Gen. Solanaceae: 153–156 (2001);
  • Mansfeld, Encycl. Agric. & Hort. Crops: 1847 (2001)
  • Solanaceae IV: 171–187 (1999);
  • Syn. Pl. 1: 216 (1805);

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

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