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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Bulgaria to Syria and NW. Iran.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 20-50 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-6 cm long; 2.5-4.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough on both sides; pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy on both sides.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes; deciduous as a whole. Racemes 1; single; obovate; bilateral; 2-4 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 2-3 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis tough. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; 0.75 length of fertile spikelet. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Basal sterile spikelets rudimentary; 3 in number. Apical sterile spikelets barren; 2 in number; 2-3 mm long. Spikelets comprising 4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-12 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Sterile
Basal sterile spikelets rudimentary; 3 in number. Apical sterile spikelets barren; 2 in number; 2-3 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-12 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 7-11 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins thickened; ribbed. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex awned; 2-3 -awned. Lower glume awn 30-50 mm long. Upper glume oblong; 7-11 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins thickened; ribbed; parallel at apex. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume awned; 2-3 -awned. Upper glume awn 30-50 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 8-12 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 2 -awned. Principal lemma awn 30-40 mm long overall. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex. Disseminule comprising a inflorescence.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
Reference
Triticeae. Fl Turk 1993.

Native to:

Bulgaria, East Aegean Is., Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe

Aegilops columnaris Zhuk. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Trudy Prikl. Bot. 18: 489 (1928)

Accepted by

  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Delipavlov, D. & Cheshmedzhiev, I. (eds.) (2011). Opredelitel na rasteniiata v Bulgariia: 1-590. Akad. Isd. Agrar. Univers. Plovdiv.
  • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0