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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to African Mountains, Europe to Caucasus, Tibet to W. Himalaya.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Andes?. Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1000 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms 3–40 cm. high, loosely tufted or solitary, erect or geniculate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades filiform or subsetaceous, mostly 1–5 cm. long and up to 1 mm. wide; ligule up to 5 mm. long, becoming lacerate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle loose, ovate to oblong, 1–12 cm. long; branches bare at the base, the spikelets in little clusters towards the tips; pedicels 3/4–3 1/2 times as long as the spikelet, pear-shaped at the tip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Glumes ovate, 2.3–3.5 mm. long (1.8–2.7 mm. in Flora area), acute (but often obtuse in Flora area); lemmas narrowly ovate, 1.2–1.7 mm. long, scaberulous above, acuminately bilobed, with a geniculate awn 2–3 mm. long arising from below the middle, or rarely the lower floret awnless; callus bearded (but usually glabrous or with sparse short hairs in Flora area).
Figures
Fig. 29, p. 85.
Habitat
Rocky ledges and shallow or well-drained soils in upland grassland and moor; 2100–4500 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K5 T2 T3 T7 U3 South Africa to northern Europe and Asiaintroduced to many other parts of the world

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Slender annual 5–30 cm. high.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms erect; 3-40(-55) cm long; 2-3 -noded. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-5 mm long; erose; obtuse. Leaf-blades filiform; involute; 0.5-5 cm long; 0.3-1 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 1-12 cm long; (2-)3.5-10(-14) cm wide. Panicle branches capillary; terete; smooth. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; terete; 1-10 mm long; tip pyriform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong to ovate; laterally compressed; 2.4-3.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets (florets arising at about the same level). Floret callus pubescent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong to ovate; laterally compressed; 2.4-3.1 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets (florets arising at about the same level). Floret callus pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 2.4-3.1 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; keeled above; 1-3 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 2.4-3.1 mm long; 1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; keeled above; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; laterally compressed; lanceolate in profile; (1.8-)2-2.4(-2.6) mm long; cartilaginous; dark brown; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma margins involute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.3-0.4 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 2.6-3.6 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea elliptic; 0.7 length of lemma; cartilaginous; 2 -veined. Palea apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; lanceolate; membranous. Anthers 3; 0.25-0.6 mm long. Stigmas 2; protandrous; laterally exserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; fusiform; isodiametric; biconvex; estipitate; without sulcus; 1 mm long; smooth; apex unappendaged. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform. Endosperm farinose. Disseminule comprising a floret.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical. Asia-temperate: Caucasus, western Asia, and China. Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: south-central and north-central. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, northwest USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, western South America, and southern South America. Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
Reference
Aveneae. TAC.

[FZ]

Gramineae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 10:1. 1971

Morphology General Habit
A delicate loosely caespitose annual.
Morphology Culms
Culms 5-30 cm. tall, 1-many-noded, rather slender, almost filiform, erect or ascending from a geniculate base, smooth, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Leaf-sheaths slightly longer or slightly shorter than the internodes, striate, tight at first later loose and slipping off the culm, scaberulous along the nerves.
Morphology Leaves Ligules
Ligule up to 4 mm. long, lanceolate-oblong or triangular-oblong, acute to subobtuse, often lacerate.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-laminae 2-7 x 0.02-0.06 cm., filiform, subsetaceous, almost always convolute, usually erect, rarely spreading, scaberulous along the nerves on both surfaces and along the margins, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 0.9-7.5 cm. long, ovate to oblong or obovate in outline, erect, somewhat contracted or open and loose; rhachis filiform, glabrous, smooth, branches paired or rarely solitary, bearing spikelets in the upper 1/2, very slender, almost capillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 2-10 mm. long, capillary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2.5-4.5 mm. long, ovate to broadly oblong in lateral view, pallid green or silvery-grey, sometimes tinged with purple, slightly glossy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes 2.75-4.5 mm. long, broadly lanceolate, minutely scaberulous along the keel.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Lemmas 1.75-2.5 mm. long (excluding the awn), ovate-lanceolate with the apex acute to subobtuse, dorsally asperulous towards the apex; awn 3-4 mm. long, usually brown; callus appressed-pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers c. 0.3 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis c. 1 mm. long.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Krym, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Netherlands, Nigeria, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Chatham Is., Costa Rica, District of Columbia, Falkland Is., Florida, Hawaii, Korea, Marquesas, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Tennessee, Tristan da Cunha, Victoria, Western Australia

Aira caryophyllea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Dec 1, 2000 Zapfack, L. [1225], Cameroon K000339480
May 1, 1998 Cheek, M. [8759], Cameroon K000339481
Nov 1, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13104], Cameroon K000182025
Jan 1, 1965 Boughey, A.S. [12637], Cameroon K000182050
Jan 1, 1965 Boughey, A.S. [10646], Cameroon K000182051
Jan 1, 1963 Boughey, A.S. [6965], Cameroon K000182038
Jan 1, 1960 Morton, J.K. [769], Cameroon K000182048
Jan 1, 1935 Maitland, T.D. [1228], Cameroon K000182044
Jan 1, 1935 Mildbraed, G. W. J. [10908], Cameroon K000182047
Quer, P. F. [5], Spain K000808898
illegible [206], Sicilia K000808897
Boughey, A.S. [294B], Cameroon K000182041
Porta, P. [511], Spain K000808896
Letouzey, R. [13474], Cameroon K000182026
Pavillon, A.H.du [s.n.], Sicilia K000808899
Morton, J.K. [7069], Cameroon K000182037

First published in Sp. Pl.: 66 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
  • Hall, D.W. (2019). Grasses of Florida: 1-353. University press of Florida.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Ibrahim, K.M. & Peterson, P.M. (2014). Grasses of Washington, D.C. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 99: 1-128.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Launert, E. (1971). Flora Zambesiaca 10(1): 1-152. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lustyk, P. & Doležal, J. (eds.) (2018). Additamenta ad floram Reipublicae Bohemicae - XVI Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 53: 31-112.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 10: 87.
  • Sp. Pl. 66 (1753)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
  • Hall, D.W. (2019). Grasses of Florida: 1-353. University press of Florida.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Ibrahim, K.M. & Peterson, P.M. (2014). Grasses of Washington, D.C. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 99: 1-128.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Launert, E. (1971). Flora Zambesiaca 10(1): 1-152. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • C. E. Hubbard in Flora of Tropical Africa 10: 87 (1937).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 16 (1965).
  • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 2 (1947).
  • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 14 (1960).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 66 (1753).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0