Avenella flexuosa (L.) Drejer

First published in Fl. Excurs. Hafn.: 32 (1838)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Europe to Japan and Malesian Mountains, Macaronesia, NW. & Tropical Montane Africa, Greenland to Central & E. U.S.A., S. South America to Falkland Islands. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Borneo, Bulgaria, Burundi, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East European Russia, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Finland, Florida, France, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Illinois, Indiana, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., Labrador, Louisiana, Madeira, Magadan, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Nepal, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prince Edward I., Québec, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Vermont, Virginia, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alaska, Aleutian Is., Brazil South, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Colorado, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Hawaii, Idaho, Mexico Central, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Oregon, Rhode I., South Georgia, Tristan da Cunha, Washington, Wyoming, Yukon

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.

An alternative taxonomy had been proposed by the following authorities:

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Deschampsia flexuosa.]

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2005). A checklist of the native vascular flora of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): New information on the species present, their ecology, status and distribution. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 132: 115-148.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Frenot, Y., Chown, S.L., Whinam, J., Selkirk, P.M., Convey, P., Skotnicki, M. & Bergstrom,D.M. (2005). Biological invasions in the Antarctic: extent, impacts and implications. Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 80: 45-72.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gremmen, N. & Halbertsma, R.L. (2009). Alien plants and their impact on Tristan da Cunha 2: 1-307. Overseas Territories Environment Programme (OTEP).
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hultén, E.O.G. (1960). Flora of the Aleutian Islands and westernmost Alaska Peninsula: with notes on the flora of Commander Islands, ed. 2: 1-376. Weinheim : J. Cramer ; New York : Hafner Pub. Co.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Lambion, J., Delvosalle, L. & Duvigneaud, J. (2004). Nouvelle flore de la Belgique du G. D. de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des régions voisines, ed. 5: 1-1167. Edition du Patrimoine du Jardin botanique national de Belgique.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi. Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Gremmen [T070514], Tristan da Cunha Deschampsia flexuosa K000649149 Yes
Melbill, J.C. [s.n.], Great Britain Deschampsia flexuosa K000808858 Yes
Hedberg [1986], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333376 No
Bogdan, A. [3950], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333378 No
Verdcourt, B. [2043], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333381 No
Westberg, G. [94], Latvia Deschampsia flexuosa K000808848 Yes
Durieu, M.M.C. [174], Spain Deschampsia flexuosa K000808839 Yes
Serafino, E. [109], Corse Deschampsia flexuosa K000808840 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 403], United Kingdom Deschampsia flexuosa K000914527 Yes
Mearns, E.A. [1664], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333383 No
Hedberg, O. [931], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333379 No
Fries [3122], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333415 No
Braun, A. [s.n.], Germany Deschampsia flexuosa K000808852 Yes
Lange, J. [53], Spain Deschampsia flexuosa K000808841 Yes
illegible [s.n.], Germany Deschampsia flexuosa K000808845 Yes
Czetz, L. [s.n.] Deschampsia flexuosa K000808847 Yes
Reverchon, E. [47], Spain Deschampsia flexuosa K000808838 Yes
Hedberg, O. [1840], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333382 No
Boreau, A. [s.n.], France Deschampsia flexuosa K000808842 Yes
Melvill, J.C. [s.n.], Great Britain Deschampsia flexuosa K000808859 Yes
Lejeune, A.L.S. [s.n.] Deschampsia flexuosa K000808850 Yes
Bally, J. [3258], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333380 No
Boreau, A. [s.n.], France Deschampsia flexuosa K000808843 Yes
Uechtritz, M.F.S. von. [s.n.], Czech Republic Deschampsia flexuosa K000808844 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Great Britain Deschampsia flexuosa K000808851 Yes
Bally, J. [3261], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333416 No
Ahlberg, F. [s.n.], Norway Deschampsia flexuosa K000808846 epitype Yes
Swartz, O.P. [s.n.] Deschampsia flexuosa K000808849 Yes
Fries [2919], Kenya Deschampsia flexuosa K000333377 No

Sources

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0