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This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Fujian), Taiwan.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 600-2000 cm long; 40-110 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 20-60 cm long; mid-green; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Bud complement 1. Branch complement several; in a clump; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; coriaceous; pubescent; with dark brown hairs; truncate at apex; auriculate; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade triangular; 2 cm long; glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaves 5-13 per branch. Leaf-sheaths 4-6 cm long; puberulous. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 9-18 cm long; 13-23 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 6-8 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with spathaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 30-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; 3-4 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 30-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; 3-4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes two; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume ovate; 2-4.5 mm long; 9-13 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 2-4.5 mm long; 9-13 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 9 mm long; 6 mm wide; without keel; 18-20 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma apex acute. Palea 8.5 mm long; 13 -veined. Palea keels ciliate; adorned above. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; obovate; 2 mm long; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; 4.5 mm long. Stigmas 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia.
Reference
Bambuseae. Lin. 2002.

Native to:

China Southeast, Taiwan

Introduced into:

Nansei-shoto

Bambusa dolichoclada Hayata appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Icon. Pl. Formosan. 6: 144 (1916)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0