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This species is accepted, and its native range is Bangladesh to China (Yunnan) and Indo-China.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 1500-2500 cm long; 75-150 mm diam.; woody; with aerial roots from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; 40-60 cm long; grey; distally pruinose. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Culm-sheaths 15-18 cm long; 0.5 times as long as wide; pubescent; with appressed hairs; with white hairs; truncate at apex; auriculate; setose on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade triangular; cordate; 7.5 cm long; pubescent. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths keeled; striately veined; pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty; deciduous. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base asymmetrical; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1 cm long. Leaf-blades persistent, or deciduous at the ligule; lanceolate; 7-17 cm long; 7-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8-12 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially; pubescent; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; antrorsely scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; flattened; glabrous.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 10-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; flattened; glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes several; 1-3 empty glumes. Upper glume ovate. Upper glume mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 5-6 mm long; without keel. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea keels eciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; purple; anther tip smooth, or apiculate. Stigmas 3; pubescent. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid; 5 mm long; hairy at apex.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China. Pacific: northwestern.
Reference
Bambuseae. Gamble 1995.

Native to:

Bangladesh, China South-Central, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand

Introduced into:

Assam, Cuba, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Jawa, Puerto Rico, Sri Lanka, Trinidad-Tobago

Bambusa polymorpha Munro appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Brandis, D. [1], Myanmar K000357956 Unknown type material
Niyomdham, C. [4583], Thailand K000631622
Niyomdham, C. [4583], Thailand K000631623
McLelland, J. [s.n.], Myanmar K000854844
McClure, F.A. [20956], Florida K000795309
Ngwenya, A.M. [751], KwaZulu-Natal K000795310

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 98 (1868)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Choudhary, R.K., Srivastava, R.C., Das, A.K. & Lee, J. (2012). Floristic diversity assessment and vegetation analysis of Upper Siang district of eastern Himalaya in North East India Korean Journal of Plant Taxonomy 42: 222-246.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0