Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 1000-1200 cm long; 60 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Lateral branches dendroid; reflexed. Buds or branches present on lower quarter of culm. Branch complement several. Culm-sheaths deciduous; glabrous; concave at apex, or convex at apex, or truncate at apex; auriculate; with unequal auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs; shoulders with 4-10 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 4-5 mm high; dentate, or fimbriate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; demarcated but persistent; erect; scabrid and with ciliate margins. Leaves cauline; 6-10 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or puberulous; outer margin glabrous. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane, or a ciliolate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.3 cm long; petiole glabrous. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 15-30 cm long; 25-45 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 10-16 secondary veins; without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 7-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear, or lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; 2-3 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 7-9 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear, or lanceolate; laterally compressed; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; 2-3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes several; comprising 3-8 gemmiferous bracts; 0 empty glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins ciliolate; hairy above. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute; scabrous. Palea keels ciliolate; adorned above. Palea apex acute; pubescent. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip smooth. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China.
Reference
Bambuseae. McClure 1996.

Native to:

China South-Central, China Southeast

Bambusa rutila McClure appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
McClure, F.A. [20683], China K000854752 Unknown type material
McClure, F.A. [20683], Hong Kong K000854753

First published in Lingnan Sci. J. 19: 533 (1940)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0