Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China to Hainan.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; nodding at the tip; 1500-2000 cm long; 40-80 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Buds or branches present on lower quarter of culm. Branch complement one, or two. Culm-sheaths deciduous; coriaceous; truncate at apex; auriculate; with equal auricles; setose on shoulders; shoulders with curved hairs; shoulders with 10 mm long hairs. Culm-sheath ligule 3-6 mm high; fimbriate. Culm-sheath blade narrowly ovate; demarcated but persistent; reflexed; hispid. Leaves cauline; 8 per branch. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or ciliate; pale. Leaf-sheath auricles absent, or falcate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole pubescent. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 6.5-14.5 cm long; 6-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation indistinct; with 8-10 secondary veins; without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; 2-4 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 6-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 30-40 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; 2-4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes several; comprising 3-5 gemmiferous bracts; 0 empty glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate, or ovate; 5-9.5 mm long; dark green; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; 1.4 mm long; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; anther tip smooth. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; pubescent on apex.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China.
Reference
Bambuseae. McClure 1996.

Native to:

China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan

Bambusa sinospinosa McClure appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Lingnan Sci. J. 19: 411 (1940)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0