Bambusa tuldoides Munro

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 93 (1868)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is China (Guangdong, Guangxi) to Peninsula Malaysia. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia
[CPLC]

Distribution
Naturalised in Colombia.
[UPFC]

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 700-1500 cm long; 50 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 30-50 cm long; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid; erect, or ascending. Culm-sheaths glabrous; auriculate; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath blade triangular; erect; pubescent (at base). Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane; truncate. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base cuneate; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.2-0.3 cm long. Leaf-blades oblong; 12-20 cm long; 10-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; lax; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 25-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes two; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume ovate; 6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma 10-14 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea keels wingless. Palea apex pubescent. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China. Pacific: north-central. South America: southern South America.
Reference
Bambuseae. Fl Cat 1995.
[GB]

Uses

Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0