Bambusa vulgaris Schrad. ex J.C.Wendl.

First published in Coll. Pl. 2: 26 (1808), nom. cons.
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is China (Yunnan) to Indo-China. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia
[CPLC]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Culms up to about 13 m. high and 10 cm. diam., hollow
Note
Flowers infrequently
Ecology
Moist soils near streams.
[FWTA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean. Elevation range: 100–1500 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Guaviare, Huila, Magdalena, Meta, Quindío, Risaralda, San Andrés y Providencia, Santander, Sucre, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vichada.
Habit
Tree.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 100 - 1500 m.
Distribution
Cultivated in Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Morphology General Habit
Tree.
[UPB]

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms geniculately ascending; 1500-2000 cm long; 40-100 mm diam.; woody; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Bud complement 1. Branch complement three, or several; in a clump; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; hispid; with dark brown hairs; auriculate; ciliate on shoulders. Culm-sheath ligule 5-8 mm high. Culm-sheath blade ovate; 5-15 cm long; pubescent; acute. Leaves 8-9 per branch. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-30 cm long; 18-45 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate; hardened.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; 1-3 cm long; dense; with spathaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafy between clusters.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-12 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels. Upper glume ovate; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 9-11 mm long; without keel; 11-15 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex acute. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma; 6 -veined. Palea keels wingless; ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous; ciliate. Anthers 6; 5 mm long. Stigmas 2-3. Ovary umbonate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
Distribution
Africa: Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, northwestern, and north-central. North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
Reference
Bambuseae. Pohl.
[GB]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
bambú, bambú de la india, bambú de tallos amarillos, guadua amarilla
[UNAL]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Use Materials Fibres
Stems - Used for basketry (Linares 1994).
Use Food
Food (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Common Names

Spanish
Bambú.

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/