Genus:
Bromus L.

Bromus brachyantherus Döll

This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to SE. & S. Brazil and N. Argentina.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths withering. Culms 40-70 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 4-8 mm wide; dark green. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 3-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 0.5-0.66 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; 0.66 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 8-12 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 6-12 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 1-1.8 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 7.5 mm long; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
Distribution
South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Bromeae. Fl Entre Rios 1995.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Uruguay

Bromus brachyantherus Döll appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Dombrowski, L.T. [5476], Brazil K001101267 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [4903], Brazil K001101270 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [650], Brazil K001101272 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [518], Brazil K001101277 Yes
Saito, Y. [1374], Brazil K001101258 Yes
Klein [12103], Brazil K001101279 Yes
Dusén, P. [13334], Brazil K001101261 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [2698], Brazil K001101273 Yes
Clayton, W.D. [4348], Brazil K001101265 Yes
Kummrow, R. [675], Brazil K001101268 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [2191], Brazil K001101259 Yes
Kummrow, R. [112], Brazil K001101269 Yes
Smith, L.B. [15888], Brazil K001101281 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [2631], Brazil K001101271 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [1917], Brazil K001101274 Yes
Kuniyoshi, Y.S. [1924], Brazil K001101275 Yes
Rosengurtt [9036], Brazil K001101290 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [6670], Brazil K001101257 Yes
Rosengurtt [9088], Brazil K001101282 Yes
Smith, L.B. [12983], Brazil K001101284 Yes
Smith, L.B. [15493], Brazil K001101280 Yes
Smith, L.B. [7838], Brazil K001101285 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [2112], Brazil K001101260 Yes
Lucas, E.J. [550], Brazil K001101278 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [6701], Brazil K001101266 Yes
Clayton, W.D. [4495], Brazil K001101288 Yes
Smith, L.B. [13381], Brazil K001101283 Yes
Dusén, P. [15758], Brazil K001101262 Yes
Smith, L.B. [15652], Brazil K001101256 Yes
Dombrowski, L.T. [2168], Brazil K001101276 Yes
Clayton, W.D. [4489], Brazil K001101287 Yes
Rosengurtt [9088], Brazil K001101289 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [33570], Brazil K001101263 Yes
Hatschbach, G. [28249], Brazil K001101264 Yes
Paciornik, E.F. [170], Brazil K001101286 Yes

First published in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(3): 110 (1878)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0