Genus:
Bromus L.

Bromus pitensis Kunth

This species is accepted, and its native range is Venezuela to W. South America. It is used as a medicine.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2500–4000 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Boyacá, Caldas, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: shrubland, native grassland, desert, artificial - terrestrial.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Culms erect; 20-90 cm long. Leaf-sheaths hirsute. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-25 cm long; 3-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy adaxially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 2-9 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 5-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets laterally compressed; 19-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 5-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets laterally compressed; 19-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 5.5-6.5 mm long; 0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume surface glabrous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 8-10 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 6-7 -veined. Lemma margins pubescent. Lemma apex awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 3-5 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion.
Distribution
South America: northern South America and western South America.
Reference
Bromeae. Gr Peru 2004.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 - 4000 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela

Bromus pitensis Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 4, 2008 Peru K000308516 No
Colombia K001471972 Yes
Colombia K001471973 Yes
Colombia K001471974 Yes
Wood, J.R.I. [3744], Colombia K001471975 Yes
Colombia K001471976 Yes
Ecuador K001471977 Yes
Ecuador K001471978 Yes
Ecuador K001471979 Yes
Ecuador K001471980 Yes
Ecuador K001471981 Yes
Ecuador K001471982 Yes

First published in F.W.H.A.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 152 (1816)

Not accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Ceratochloa pitensis.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0