Genus:
Bromus L.

Bromus ramosus Huds.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Iran, Tibet to Indian Subcontinent.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 45-180 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Leaf-sheaths hispid; with reflexed hairs. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-6 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades drooping; 20-60 cm long; 6-16 mm wide; dark green. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; glabrous, or pubescent; sparsely hairy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle pubescent above; tipped by a glumaceous appendage. Panicle open; oblong; effuse; nodding; 15-50 cm long. Primary panicle branches drooping; 2 -nate; bearing 1-9 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle branches flexuous; scaberulous. Spikelets pendulous; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 6-30 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-11 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 20-45 mm long; 4-6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-11 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 20-45 mm long; 4-6 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume linear; 6-9 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of upper glume; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 9-12 mm long; 0.7-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; 1-keeled; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 10-15 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner on margins; without keel, or keeled; lightly keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma surface hirsute. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 4-11 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Palea 0.8 length of lemma. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3; 3-4.5 mm long. Ovary with a fleshy appendage above style insertion; pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and China. Asia-tropical: India. North America: northwest USA.
Reference
Bromeae. Acedo 1996.
Diagnostic
Upper leaf-sheaths hairy; peduncle bract hairy.

Native to:

Albania, Assam, Austria, Baltic States, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Himalaya, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Norway, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

District of Columbia, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, Portugal

Bromus ramosus Huds. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1762 Stewart, R.R. [25123], Pakistan K000032398 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 1, 1762 Stewart, R.R. [25352], Pakistan K000032399 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 1, 1762 Stewart, R.R. [25132], Pakistan K000032400 Unknown type material Yes
Lindberg, H. [3691] K000367364 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 177], United Kingdom K000914544 Yes
Lindberg, H. [3533] K000367365 Yes

First published in Fl. Angl.: 40 (1762)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Naderi, R. & Rahiminejad, M.R. (2015). A taxonomic revision of the genus Bromus (Poaceae) and a new key to the tribe Bromeae in Iran. Annales Botanici Fennici 52: 233-248.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Naderi, R. & Rahiminejad, M.R. (2015). A taxonomic revision of the genus Bromus (Poaceae) and a new key to the tribe Bromeae in Iran. Annales Botanici Fennici 52: 233-248.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2012-continuously updated). The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

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    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

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