Capillipedium parviflorum (R.Br.) Stapf

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 169 (1917)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Eritrea to S. Africa, S. Arabian Peninsula, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. & E. Australia. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial; culms slender, 50–150 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 10–30 cm. long, 2–7 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 8–25 cm. long; racemes reduced to a single triad of 1 sessile and 2 pedicelled spikelets, rarely with 2 sessile spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Sessile spikelet narrowly oblong, 3–4 mm. long, scabrid, occasionally pubescent, acute; lower glume shallow concave, with 2 intercarinal nerves; awn 10–15 mm. long. Pedicelled spikelet lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 mm. long.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet narrowly oblong, 3–4 mm. long, scabrid, occasionally pubescent, acute; lower glume shallow concave, with 2 intercarinal nerves; awn 10–15 mm. long.
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelet lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 mm. long.
Habitat
Grassland; 1600–2200 m.
Distribution
K4 T2 T4 T5 T7 eastern Africa from Sudan to Mozambiquetropical Asia and Australia
[FTEA]

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 50-150 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-30 cm long; 2-7 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib widened.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme. Panicle open; oblong; 8-25 cm long. Primary panicle branches whorled at lower nodes. Panicle branches capillary; glabrous in axils, or bearded in axils. Racemes bearing a triad of spikelets, or few fertile spikelets; 1(-2) fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis obsolete, or evident. Spikelets in threes, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster, or 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; 1.5 mm long; with a translucent median line (also present in internodes); glabrous, or ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; shorter than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent; base obtuse; attached transversely.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 2.5-3.5 mm long; shorter than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent; base obtuse; attached transversely.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 2-keeled; keeled obtusely. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume intercarinal veins distinct. Lower glume surface concave; scabrous. Upper glume ovate; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 1-1.5 mm long; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire; acute; awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 10-15 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Distribution
Africa: northeast tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical. Asia-temperate: Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
Reference
Andropogoneae. FTEA.
Diagnostic
2 intercarinal veins.
[GB]

Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Caespitose perennial; culms mostly 75–100 cm high with barbate nodes; leaf sheaths tight or eventually slipping from the culms, the lowermost longer than and the remainder shorter than the internodes, ± covered in tubercle-based hairs and frequently villous on the collar; ligule a very short, truncate, ciliolate membrane; leaf laminas up to 30 cm × 2.5 mm, glaucous, erect and straight, linear from an often narrowed and slightly contracted base, flat, scabrid on the margins, finely pointed at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle 8–25 cm long; racemes reduced to 1 sessile and 2 pedicelled spikelets, rarely with 2 sessile and 3 pedicelled spikelets; rhachis internodes glabrous, the pedicels hairy on the margins.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet 2.8–5 mm long, narrowly oblong; inferior glume with short hairs on the back, shallowly concave in the middle, with 2 intercarinal nerves, ciliate on the keels above, truncate at the apex; superior glume 1-keeled, scabrid on the keel, the median nerve excurrent as a short mucro; inferior lemma empty, 2–2.5 mm long, ovate; superior lemma stipitiform, linear, flattened, 1-nerved, entire; awn c. 20 mm long (including the lemma), minutely hispidulous; anthers c. 1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Pedicelled spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm long, lanceolate, male or neuter; inferior glume shortly hairy on the keels, with 3 intercarinal nerves, acute at the apex; superior glume glabrous, with 2 intercarinal nerves; inferior lemma oblong, truncate; anthers c. 1.5 mm long. Sessile spikelet 2.8–5 mm long, narrowly oblong; inferior glume with short hairs on the back, shallowly concave in the middle, with 2 intercarinal nerves, ciliate on the keels above, truncate at the apex; superior glume 1-keeled, scabrid on the keel, the median nerve excurrent as a short mucro; inferior lemma empty, 2–2.5 mm long, ovate; superior lemma stipitiform, linear, flattened, 1-nerved, entire; awn c. 20 mm long (including the lemma), minutely hispidulous; anthers c. 1.5 mm long.
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelets 2.5–3.5 mm long, lanceolate, male or neuter; inferior glume shortly hairy on the keels, with 3 intercarinal nerves, acute at the apex; superior glume glabrous, with 2 intercarinal nerves; inferior lemma oblong, truncate; anthers c. 1.5 mm long.
[FZ]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0