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This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; culms (20–)40–85 cm. high, erect or ascending, tufted, shortly rhizomatous or stoloniferous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades flat or folded, (6–)10–35 cm. long, 3–6 mm. wide, obtuse at the apex; sheaths strongly keeled, flabellate, basal sheaths becoming papery.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of (2–)4–5(–7) digitate, spreading, often yellowish spikes 3–8 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2-flowered, 2-awned; lower glume 1.75–2 mm. long; upper glume 2.75–3.5(–4) mm. long; lowest lemma obovate-oblanceolate in side view, 2–3(–4) mm. long, pallid, ciliate towards the apex and along the keel, glabrous on the flanks, the awn (4–)7–11 mm. long, purple; callus pungent, pubescent; 2nd lemma projecting laterally from the side of the lowest lemma, different in shape, clavate, 1.5 mm. long, glabrous, its awn 2.5–7.5 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 96/5, p. 338.
Habitat
Grassland with scattered trees, or bushland, on heavy soils; 200–1150 m.
Distribution
K4 K7 T3 T6

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Shortly rhizomatous or stoloniferous caespitose perennial up to 80 cm tall, erect or ascending; lower leaf sheaths strongly keeled and flabellate; leaf laminas (6)10–20 cm × 1–3 mm, flat or folded, obtuse at the apex, sometimes narrowly so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 2–6 digitate racemes 3–9 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2(3)-flowered, 2-awned; inferior glume 1.8–2.5 mm long; superior glume 2.8–4 mm long; floret callus pungent; fertile lemma 3–3.8 mm long, obovate-oblanceolate in profile, ciliate towards the apex on the margins and keel, glabrous on the flanks, the awn 5–9 mm long; 2nd lemma clavate, glabrous, 1.2–3 mm long, with an awn 3–8 mm long, usually sterile but occasionally male or fertile and with a palea; 3rd lemma, when present, a small awnless clavate scale.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Perennial up to 85 cm high, erect or ascending, tufted, shortly rhizomatous or stoloniferous; leaves oblong, obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a head of (2–)4–5(–7) digitate racemes, these 3–8 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2-flowered, 2-awned; fertile lemma obovate-oblanceolate in profile, 2–3(–4) mm long, ciliate on the margins towards the tip and along the keel, glabrous on the flanks, with an awn (4–)7–11 mm long; callus pungent, pubescent; 2nd lemma smaller than the fertile, clavate, glabrous, with an awn 2.5–7.5 mm long.
Distribution
S3; Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Stolons absent, or present. Butt sheaths papery. Basal innovations flabellate. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; (20-)40-85 cm long. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; (6-)10-35 cm long; 3-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes (2-)4-5(-7); digitate; spreading, or ascending; unilateral; 3-8 cm long. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2.75-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent; pungent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2.75-4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent; pungent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets, or reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.75-2 mm long; 0.5-0.7 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.75-3.5(-4) mm long; 1-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma obovate; laterally compressed; oblong in profile; 2-3(-4) mm long; cartilaginous; pallid; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma lateral veins close to margins. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy above. Lemma apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; (4-)7-11 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; separate; cuneate; 1.5 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas glabrous; awned; 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns subapical; 2.5-7.5 mm long; 1 per spikelet in number.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; trigonous. Hilum punctiform.
Distribution
Africa: east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
Reference
Cynodonteae. FTEA.

Native to:

Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

Chloris mossambicensis K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 1: 104 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 25 (1958).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 41 (1965).
  • K. Schum. in Notizblatt des Botanischen Gartens und Museums zu Berlin-Dahelm 1: 104 (1895).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0