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This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Tropical Africa.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Robust annual up to 100 cm tall, erect or geniculately ascending and rooting from the nodes; leaf laminas up to 19 cm × 2–4 mm, flat or folded, tapering to a fine point.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 6–13 loosely digitate racemes 2.5–8.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 3-flowered, (0)1–2-awned; inferior glume 1.2–2 mm long; superior glume 2.2–3.2 mm long; floret callus rounded; fertile lemma 2.5–3 mm long, ovate-elliptic in profile, pallid or occasionally black, sparsely to densely ciliate on the margins and keel, the awn 2.5–3.6 mm long, rarely absent; 2nd lemma a glabrous clavate scale 1.6–2.2 mm long, awnless or with an awn 2–3 mm long; 3rd lemma a glabrous clavate awnless scale 1–1.25 mm long.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 50-100 cm long; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 20-35 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-12; digitate; unilateral; 2-10 cm long. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded; obtuse.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded; obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.5-2 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2-3 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; laterally compressed; ovate in profile; 2.5-3 mm long; cartilaginous; pallid, or black; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma lateral veins close to margins. Lemma surface with 2 longitudinal grooves. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 2.5-5 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets 2 in number; barren; in a clump; cuneate; 1.5-2 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas glabrous; muticous, or awned (one of them); 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns subapical; 2-3 mm long; 0-1 per spikelet in number.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; trigonous. Hilum punctiform.
Distribution
Africa: Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, and southern tropical. Australasia: Australia.
Reference
Cynodonteae. FTEA.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Annual, 30–60 cm. high
Ecology
Common on roadsides and old farmland.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms up to 1 m. high, erect or geniculately ascending, often rooting at the lower nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades flat or folded, up to 35 cm. long, 3–5 mm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 3–12 loosely digitate spikes 2–10 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 3-flowered, (0–)1–2-awned; lower glume 1.5–2 mm. long; upper glume 2–3 mm. long, including the awn-point; lowest lemma ovate-elliptic in side view, 2.5–3 mm. long, pallid, occasionally black, sparsely to densely ciliate on the margins and keel, the awn 2.5–5 mm. long, rarely absent; callus rounded, ciliate; 2nd lemma a glabrous clavate scale 1.5–2 mm. long, projecting from and different in shape to the lowest lemma, awnless or with an awn 2–3 mm. long; 3rd lemma a glabrous clavate awnless scale 1–1.25 mm. long.
Habitat
Disturbed habitats, roadsides and old cultivation, on light or heavy soils; 30–1500 m.
Distribution
K6 T3 T6 U1 U2 U3 U4 W. Africa to Sudan and Ethiopia, Zaire and Malawi

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Mauritius, Northern Territory

Chloris pilosa Schumach. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1959 Maitland, T.D. [9], Cameroon K000182255
Gardner [0], Pernambuco K000003246
R. T. L. [s.n.] K000365099 Unknown type material
Lowe, R. T. [s.s.n.] K000365100
Lowe, R. T. [s.n.] K000365101
Roger dedit Majo ['B'], Senegal K000365102 Unknown type material
Denton [41], Nigeria K000365104 Unknown type material
MacGregor, W. [28], Nigeria K000365105 Unknown type material
Swainson [s.n.], Brazil K001102108

First published in Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 55 (1827)

Accepted by

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 399.
  • Beskr. Guin. Pl. 55 (1827)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 400 (1972).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 418 (1956).
  • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 22 (1960).
  • Schumach., Beskr. Gum. Pl.: 55 (1827).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0