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This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to SW. Arabian Peninsula, S. Tropical America.
Chloris pycnothrix

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

Morphology General Habit
Annual up to 45 cm tall, erect or geniculately ascending, often rooting from the nodes; leaf sheaths keeled; leaf laminas 3–11 cm × 3–5 mm, abruptly obtuse at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 3–12 digitate or subdigitate racemes 1.5–7 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2-flowered, 1–2-awned; inferior glume 1.3–1.4 mm long; superior glume 2–2.4 mm long; floret callus rounded; fertile lemma 2.4–2.8 mm long, narrowly elliptic in profile, pallid, scabrid on the margins, keel and flanks, the awn 11–27 mm long; 2nd lemma 0.1–1 mm long, borne upon an internode 2–3 mm long, awnless or with an awn up to 8 mm long.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Annual; caespitose. Basal innovations flabellate. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 20-50 cm long; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-10 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-7(-13); digitate; spreading, or ascending; unilateral; 4-10 cm long. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pilose; obtuse.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pilose; obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.5-3 mm long; 0.6-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.3-2.5 mm long; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic; laterally compressed; elliptic in profile (narrowly); 2.5-3.2 mm long; cartilaginous; pallid; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein scaberulous. Lemma lateral veins close to margins. Lemma apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 11-27 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; separate; elliptic; 0.1-1 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns subapical; 0-8 mm long; 0-1 per spikelet in number.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; trigonous. Hilum punctiform.
Distribution
Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Arabia and China. Asia-tropical: Malesia. South America: Mesoamericana, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
Reference
Cynodonteae. FTEA.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Stoloniferous perennial up to 30 cm. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence tinged with pink
Ecology
Fallow land and lawns.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms up to 0.5 m. high, erect or more often geniculately ascending, often rooting at the nodes.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades flat, 2–10 cm. long, 3–5 mm. wide, obtuse at the apex; sheaths keeled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of 2–7(–13) paired, digitate or subdigitate, loose or spreading, often purplish spikes 4–10 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2-flowered, 1–2-awned; lower glume 1.5–3 mm. long; upper glume 2.3–3.5 mm. long; lowest lemma narrowly elliptic in side view, 2.5–3.2 mm. long, pallid, scabrid on the margins, keel and flanks, the awn 11–27 mm. long, often purplish; callus rounded, ciliate; 2nd lemma a small scabrid scale 0.1–1 mm. long borne upon an internode 2–3 mm. long, with or without an awn up to 8 mm. long, embraced by the lowest lemma and similar in shape.
Habitat
Grassland with scattered trees, deciduous woodland and disturbed ground on light or heavy soils; 0–2300 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 throughout tropical Africa

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual up to 25 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending, often rooting at the nodes; leaves oblong, very obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a head of 4–6 digitate racemes, these 3–6 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 2-flowered, 1- to 2-awned; fertile lemma narrowly elliptic in profile, 2.3–2.6 mm long, scabrid on the margins, keel and flanks, with an awn 8–18 mm long; callus rounded, ciliate; 2nd lemma similar to the fertile but much smaller, awned or awnless.
Distribution
N1 tropical Africa, Arabia and South America.
Ecology
Altitude range 1300–1400 m.
Vernacular
Domar, harfo (Somali).

Doubtfully present in:

Botswana

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Djibouti, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Galápagos, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Peru, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Belgium, Canary Is., China South-Central, Egypt, Honduras, India, Malaya, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Palestine, St.Helena, Sumatera, Windward Is.

Chloris pycnothrix Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1685], Cameroon K000107846
Jun 1, 1998 Kamundi, D. [717], Cameroon K000339499
May 1, 1998 Asongani, J.N. [1316], Cameroon K000339498
May 1, 1989 Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3737], Brazil K001102078
Salzmann [0], Bahia K000003254
Harley, R.M. [17042], Bahia K000003255
Salzmann [s.n.], Bahia K000003256 isotype
Schimper [951], Ethiopia K000257110 Unknown type material
Glaziou, A. [6936], Brazil K001102097
Glaziou, A. [481], Brazil K001102099
Smith, L.B. [6007], Brazil K001102080
Lindeman, J.C. [357], Brazil K001102064
Brunt, M.A. [507], Cameroon K000182260
Burchell [5455], Brazil K001102092
Klein, R.M. [10406], Brazil K001102084
Glaziou, A. [3145], Brazil K001102098
Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001102089
Tweedie [s.n.], Brazil K001102094
Anderson, W.R. [37167], Brazil K001102079
Brunt, M.A. [308], Cameroon K000182262
Hastchbach, G. [23969], Brazil K001102061
Clayton, W.D. [4116], Brazil K001102069
Glaziou, A. [481], Brazil K001102081
Migeod, F. [91], Cameroon K000182266
Dusén, P. [s.n.], Brazil K001102063
Castellanos, A. [24742], Brazil K001102087
Claussen [s.n.], Brazil K001102088
Burchell [1028], Brazil K001102090
Hatschbach, G. [24015], Brazil K001102062
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000308965
Burchell [8649], Brazil K001102091
Bumpus [0 s.n001], Cameroon K000182264
Maitland, T.D. [351B], Cameroon K000182267
Glaziou, A. [20145], Brazil K001102101
Maitland, T.D. [21], Cameroon K000182268
Miller, F. [66], Brazil K001102086
Mosén, H. [3014], Brazil K001102068
Dombrowski, L.T. [2430], Brazil K001102066
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000308966
Maitland, T.D. [353B], Cameroon K000182269
Gardner [140], Brazil K001102083
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001102093
Gardner [140], Brazil K001102095
Archer, W.A. [4209], Brazil K001102072
Bruneau, A. [1066 A], Cameroon K000182261
Commerson [s.n.], Brazil K001102096
Laegaard, S. [21606], Thailand K000682655
Dombrowski, L.T. [2302], Brazil K001102065
Clayton, W.D. [4607], Brazil K001102073
Hepper, F.N. [1938], Cameroon K000182263
Skvortzov, B. [317], Brazil K001102070
Clayton, W.D. [4724], Brazil K001102067
Corrêa, J.A. [1], Brazil K001102071
s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001102082
Duarte, A.P. [5052], Brazil K001102100
Irwin, H.S. [19914], Brazil K001102085
Wood, J.R.I. [4765], Colombia K001470855
Ecuador K001470856

First published in Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl.: 234 (1824)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Greuter, W. & von Raab-Straube, E. (eds.) (2012). Euro+Med Notulae, 6 Willdenowia 42: 283-285.
  • Hadinec, J. & Lustyk, P. (eds.) (2014). Additamenta ad floram Reipublicae Bohemicae. XII Zprávy Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 49: 73-206.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • A. Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 14: 127.
  • Gram. Unifl. 234 (1824)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
  • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon) Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Greuter, W. & von Raab-Straube, E. (eds.) (2012). Euro+Med Notulae, 6 Willdenowia 42: 283-285.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 26 (1958).
  • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 400 (1972).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 41 (1965).
  • Edwards & Bogdan, Imp. grassl. pl. Kenya: 36 (1951).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 418 (1956).
  • Hubbard, E.A. Pasture Plants 2: 50 (1927).
  • Jackson & Wiehe in Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 33 (1958).
  • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 21 (1960).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 154 (1955).
  • Trin., Gram. Unifl.: 234 (1824).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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