Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & SE. Australia.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Stolons present. Basal innovations flabellate. Culms erect; 50-100 cm long. Leaf-sheaths smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous on surface, or pilose. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-20 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous; glabrous, or pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-9; digitate; unilateral; 5-11 cm long. Rhachis subterete; scabrous on surface. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; regular. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2-5.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded; obtuse.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 2-5.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded; obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets, or exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate, or ovate; 1.2-2.3 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of upper glume; scarious; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate, or ovate; 2.5-4.1 mm long; 0.75-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic, or obovate; laterally compressed; 2-5.4 mm long; 0.6-1.2 mm wide; cartilaginous; light brown; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein scabrous. Lemma surface smooth, or scabrous. Lemma margins eciliate. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 1-11 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; oblong, or cuneate; 1-2.6 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas truncate, or obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Apical sterile lemma awns 0.5-7.5 mm long; 1 per spikelet in number.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3; 0.7-1.4 mm long. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; dorsally compressed; trigonous; 1.5-2.1 mm long.
Distribution
Australasia: Australia.
Reference
Cynodonteae. Anderson.

Native to:

New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria

Introduced into:

South Carolina, Trinidad-Tobago, Virginia

Chloris ventricosa R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1968 Brown, R. [6242], Australia K000885786
Jan 1, 1968 Mitchell, T.L. [s.n.], Australia K000885785 Unknown type material
Jan 1, 1968 Birch [s.n.], Queensland K000885788
Jan 1, 1968 O'Shanesy [s.n.], Australia K000885789
Brown, R. [s.n.], Australia K000885787

First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 186 (1810)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0