Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) Roberty

First published in Bull. Inst. Fondam. Afrique Noire, Sér. A, Sci. Nat. 22: 106 (1960)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Indo-China to Malesia. It is a Perennial and grows primarly in the Wet Tropical biome(s). It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Andaman Is., Borneo, Cambodia, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Brazil Northeast, Cameroon, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Leeward Is., Liberia, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malaya, Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Niue, Pakistan, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tubuai Is., Venezuela, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hall, D.W. (2019). Grasses of Florida: 1-353. University press of Florida.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Vigosa-Mercado, J.L. & Fonseca, R.M. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 75: 1-153. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hall, D.W. (2019). Grasses of Florida: 1-353. University press of Florida.
  • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand. Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands. Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
  • Maliya, S.D. & Datt, B. (2010). A contribution to the flora of Katarniyaghat wildlife sanctuary, Baharaich district, Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 34: 42-68.
  • Morat, P. & Veillon, J.-M. (1985). Contributions à la conaissance de la végétation et de la flore de Wallis et Futuna. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Section B, Adansonia 7: 259-329.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. (1929). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1: 1-229. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India. Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Vigosa-Mercado, J.L. & Fonseca, R.M. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 75: 1-153. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Voeltzkow, A. (1917). Flora und Fauna der Comoren: 428-480.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • de Cordemoy, E.J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Réunion: 1-574. Librairie des sciences naturelles Paul Klincksieck, Paris.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Apr 11, 2014 Philippines K001050464 No
Oct 1, 1956 s.coll. [8759] Vetiveria zizanioides K001050442 Yes
Oct 1, 1929 Koenig, J.G. [s.n.], India Vetiveria zizanioides K001050443 Unknown type material Yes
Feb 28, 1929 Wight, R. [8759], India Vetiveria zizanioides K001050439 Yes
Santos, T.S. [3616], Bahia Vetiveria zizanioides K000004741 Yes
Put [2576], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620457 No
Lakshmahara, C. [245], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620463 No
Lakshmahara, C. [245], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620465 No
Lakshmahara, C. [245], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620466 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [9161], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620468 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [9336], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620473 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [13496], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620479 No
Put [4103], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620480 No
Larsen, K. [1113], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000688638 No
Smitinand, T. [6078], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000688640 No
Lakshmahara, C. [245], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620464 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [19636], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620477 No
Robertson, S.A. [7643], Kenya Vetiveria zizanioides K000823783 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [19580], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620471 No
Merill, E.D. [355], Philippines Vetiveria zizanioides K001050464 Yes
Glaziou, A. [14390], Brazil Vetiveria zizanioides K001106139 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [13496], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620478 No
Put [2576], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620458 No
Lakshmahara, C. [245], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620470 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [8021], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620472 No
Glaziou, A. [6953], Brazil Vetiveria zizanioides K001106138 Yes
Lazarides, M. [7452], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000688637 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [17571], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620474 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [8464], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620461 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [2007], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620459 No
Put [4104], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620481 No
Wight, R. [1677] Vetiveria zizanioides K001050440 Yes
Smitinand, T. [6078], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000688639 No
Marcan, A. [2280], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620469 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [19636], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620475 No
Sorensen, Th. [5768], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000688636 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [2007], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620460 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [19580], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620467 No
Smitinand, T. [5932], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000688641 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [19636], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620476 No
Glaziou, A. [6953], Brazil Vetiveria zizanioides K001106136 Yes
Archer, W.A. [8445], Brazil Vetiveria zizanioides K001106137 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [8464], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000620462 No
Smitinand, T. [5044], Thailand Vetiveria zizanioides K000688642 No
s.coll. [8759] Vetiveria zizanioides K001050441 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131513 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759], India Anatherum muricatum K001131514 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131522 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131524 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131519 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131528 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8759], Nepal Anatherum muricatum K001131520 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131518 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8759], Nepal Anatherum muricatum K001131521 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131512 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131526 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759], India Anatherum muricatum K001131515 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131525 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131516 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131510 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131517 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131511 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131527 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8759] Anatherum muricatum K001131523 Yes

Sources

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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

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    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
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    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
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    • Copyright applied to individual images
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0