Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Maluku to N. Queensland.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms erect; 100-200 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3-5 mm long. Leaf-blades 30-60 cm long; 3-7 mm wide; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence compound; globose; 10-20 cm long; dense. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; enclosed. Spatheole lanceolate; 1.7-2.3 cm long; chartaceous. Peduncle pilose above. Racemes 2; paired; erect; 1.5-2 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; semiterete; pilose on surface. Rhachis hairs 3-5 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear; 2.5 mm long. Rhachis internode tip transverse; cupuliform. Raceme-bases flattened; subequal. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; semiterete; 2.5 mm long; ciliate; with 3-5 mm long hairs.
Sterile
Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 2 in number (lower raceme); 0 in upper raceme; with normal internodes; sessile and pedicelled. Basal sterile spikelet pedicels free; linear. Basal sterile spikelets smaller than fertile. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas; linear; 4 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; glabrous; acute; muticous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus base obtuse; inserted. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 2 in number (lower raceme); 0 in upper raceme; with normal internodes; sessile and pedicelled. Basal sterile spikelet pedicels free; linear. Basal sterile spikelets smaller than fertile. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; comprising 2 subequal glumes without lemmas; linear; 4 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; glabrous; acute; muticous.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus base obtuse; inserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 2-keeled; keeled all along; keeled laterally; wingless, or winged on keel; winged narrowly. Lower glume intercarinal veins distinct; 3-4 in number. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret hyaline. Fertile lemma lanceolate; hyaline; without keel. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 12-19 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; isodiametric; 1.5 mm long.
Distribution
Australasia: Australia.
Reference
Andropogoneae. Soenarko 1993.

Native to:

Maluku, New Guinea, Queensland

Cymbopogon globosus Henrard appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 22: 106 (1925)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0