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This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula, N. Pakistan to China (Yunnan).
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Gramineae, T. A. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:4. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Caespitose perennial; culms up to 150 cm high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves pilose with a few long hairs near the ligule only, often tinged with red; ligule 0.5–1.5 mm long; laminas 12–21 cm long, 4–5 mm wide, broadest at about the middle, switch-like, scabrid on the margins, very gradually tapering at the apex to a thread-like point.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 10–28 mm long, tinged with red; internodes and pedicels pilose with silvery-white hairs. Inflorescence 17–38 cm long, elongated and ± interrupted, reddish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Sessile spikelet 4–7 mm long; inferior glume with a broad U-shaped median groove and scabrid flanges in the upper 1/4, entire at the apex; superior lemma linear, bifid to about the middle; awn 10–16 mm long, with well developed column; anthers 1.6–3(4) mm long, straw-coloured. Pedicelled spikelet 4.5–7.5 mm long.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet 4–7 mm long; inferior glume with a broad U-shaped median groove and scabrid flanges in the upper 1/4, entire at the apex; superior lemma linear, bifid to about the middle; awn 10–16 mm long, with well developed column; anthers 1.6–3(4) mm long, straw-coloured.
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelet 4.5–7.5 mm long.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial up to 100 cm high; leaves attenuate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
False panicle linear to narrowly oblong, 10–30 cm long; racemes 15–35 mm long, the lowermost pedicel oblong but not swollen, free from the adjacent internode
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Pedicelled spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm long. Sessile spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4.5–7 mm long; lower glume chartaceous, nerveless or with 1–3 short nerves near the tip, concave between the keels, these rounded in the lower 1/2; awn of upper lemma 10–20 mm long, with distinct column
Distribution
N1–3; C1 eastern Africa from Ethiopia to the Cape, and northern Pakistan to Nepal.
Ecology
Altitude range 40–2130 m.
Vernacular
Baila, beli, burburao, caws mulaax (Somali).

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pubescent; persistent and investing base of culm. Culms 40-100 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat; 15-30 cm long; 1-4 mm wide; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence compound; linear, or paniculate; 10-30 cm long; dense. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; enclosed. Racemes 2; paired; deflexed; 1.5-3.5 cm long; bearing 5-7(-8) fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; semiterete; ciliate on margins. Rhachis hairs 2-3 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip transverse; cupuliform. Raceme-bases flattened; subequal. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; semiterete; ciliate; with 2-3 mm long hairs.
Sterile
Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 2 in number (lower raceme); 0 in upper raceme; with normal internodes; sessile and pedicelled. Basal sterile spikelet pedicels free; linear. Basal sterile spikelets equalling fertile. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 4-7 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; acute; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; inserted. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 2 in number (lower raceme); 0 in upper raceme; with normal internodes; sessile and pedicelled. Basal sterile spikelet pedicels free; linear. Basal sterile spikelets equalling fertile. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 4-7 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; acute; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; inserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 2-keeled; keeled above; keeled laterally; wingless. Lower glume intercarinal veins absent, or obscure; 0-3 in number. Lower glume surface concave. Lower glume apex emarginate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret hyaline. Fertile lemma lanceolate; hyaline; without keel. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.5 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 10-20 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Distribution
Africa: northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south. Asia-temperate: Arabia and China. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Andropogoneae. FTEA.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial, the basal sheaths persistent and thinly pubescent; culms 40–100 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades flat, 15–30 cm. long, 1–4 mm. wide, smooth or asperulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
False panicle linear to narrowly oblong, 10–30 cm. long; racemes 15–35 mm. long, ciliate with hairs up to 3 mm. long, the upper with 5–7(–8) pairs of spikelets, the lowest pedicel oblong, not swollen, free from the adjacent internode.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4.5–7 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, nerveless or with 1–3 short nerves near the tip and concave between the keels, these rounded in the lower half, wingless; upper lemma bifid to near the middle, the awn 10–20 mm. long, geniculate, with a distinct column.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Pedicelled spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long. Sessile spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4.5–7 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, nerveless or with 1–3 short nerves near the tip and concave between the keels, these rounded in the lower half, wingless; upper lemma bifid to near the middle, the awn 10–20 mm. long, geniculate, with a distinct column.
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland and subdesert grassland; 1200–2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T7 U1 eastern Africa from Ethiopia and Somalia to the Capenorthern Pakistan to Nepal

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, China South-Central, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tibet, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zimbabwe

Cymbopogon pospischilii (K.Schum.) C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jun 18, 2009 Crawford, F.M. [136 a], Namibia K000450451
Ecklon [51] K000280484 isosyntype
Galpin, E.E. [2360] K000280487
Cooper, T. [1363], South Africa K000280486
Cooper, T. [3369], South Africa K000280485
Burchell [2166], South Africa K000280492
Burchell [2520], Botswana K000280493
Burchell [2601], Botswana K000280491
Rehmann, A. [7158], South Africa K000280490
Wood, J.M. [4318], South Africa K000280489 lectotype
Rehmann, A. [7112], South Africa K000280488
Pospischil, Kenya K000280507 Unknown type material
Stoliczka, F. [s.n.], India K000245849 syntype
Strachey, R. [4], Uttar Pradesh K000245850 syntype
Strachey, R. [4], Uttar Pradesh K000974909 Unknown type material

First published in Kew Bull. 4: 175 (1949)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 59 (1958).
  • C.E. Hubbard in Kew Bulletin 4: 175 (1949).
  • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 23 (1960).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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