Dendrocalamus messeri Blatt.

First published in Indian Forester 55: 595 (1929)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Myanmar. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms 2400-3000 cm long; 127 mm diam.; woody; with aerial roots from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; 30-53 cm long. Lateral branches dendroid; arising from lower culm. Culm-sheaths 45 cm long; glabrous. Culm-sheath ligule dentate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 20-23 cm long; 25 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 0-1 basal sterile florets; 8-10 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 0-1 basal sterile florets; 8-10 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes two; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; chartaceous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male. Fertile lemma orbicular; 14 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea chartaceous; 2-keeled but the uppermost without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 6. Filaments united in a tube. Stigmas 3. Ovary pubescent all over.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
Distribution
Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
Reference
Bambuseae. Rhind 2002.
[GB]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0