Dendrocalamus parishii Munro

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 149 (1868)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is W. Himalaya. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Ligule an eciliate membrane.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; 1.5-3 cm long; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; bracts 6-10 mm long; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7-10 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7-10 mm long; 5-7 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes one the lower absent or obscure, or two; 1-2 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 4 mm long; coriaceous; without keels. Lower glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume surface puberulous; hairy at apex. Upper glume margins ciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 6 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 11-13 -veined. Lemma lateral veins with cross-veins. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea chartaceous; 2-keeled but the uppermost without keels. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea surface pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; anther tip with extended connective. Filaments united in a tube. Stigmas 1. Ovary pubescent all over.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Bambuseae. Gamble 2002.
[GB]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: threatened. Confidence: low confidence
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0