Family:
Apiaceae Lindl.

Conium L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, NE. Tropical & S. Africa.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Tall, branched biennial herbs, glabrous, with pinnately compound leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, involucre and involucel present, small
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx teeth obsolete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate or cuneate, sometimes acuminate with the tip inflexed, sometimes obtuse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit broadly ovoid to suborbicular, laterally compressed; mericarps strongly 5-ribbed, ± pentagonal in section, commissure rather narrow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae obsolete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodia flattened, ± entire, persistent styles short, recurved
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Inner face of endosperm with narrow grooves.
Distribution
Five North temperate Eurasian and one S African species; only one species in Iraq.
Note
Conium from the Gr. κοειον, koeion, the name of the Common Hemlock plant; hemlock.

[FZ]

Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Glabrous, biennial herbs up to 2 m. Leaves compound-pinnately divided, with rather fine ultimate segments.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, with well-developed bracts and bracteoles, which are sometimes semi-caducous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx teeth obsolete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals white, usually with a slightly inflexed apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ovoid to suborbicular, somewhat laterally compressed, with a fairly narrow commissure. Mericarps with prominent ribs, which are often undulate; vittae 0. Stylopodium depressed; styles short and recurved.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Azores, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Canary Is., Cayman Is., Chile Central, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Falkland Is., Georgia, Great Britain, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Japan, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, North Dakota, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Zimbabwe

Conium L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 243 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Linnaeus, Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 114 (1754)
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 243 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 114 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 243 (1753)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Iraq

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0