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This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Eswatini.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms 30-300 cm long; firm, or wiry. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs, or absent. Leaf-blades 5-30 cm long; 3-10(-20) mm wide; concolorous, or variegated (with purple bars).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-5 cm long; simple. Central inflorescence axis 7-25 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing crowded; 4 -rowed. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; gibbous; cuspidate; 1.5-2.5(-3) mm long; falling entire.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic, or orbicular; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; gibbous; cuspidate; 1.5-2.5(-3) mm long; falling entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.3-0.4 length of spikelet; membranous; purple; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume surface hispid. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume ovate; membranous; purple; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface hispidulous. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; hispidulous; cuspidate; muticous, or awned. Awn of lower sterile floret flexuous (curved); 0-5(-15) mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; gibbous; 1.5-2.3 mm long; indurate; much thinner above; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; laterally pinched. Palea reflexed at apex; indurate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Distribution
Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
Reference
Paniceae. FTEA.

[FZ]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Tussocky perennial.
Morphology Culms
Culms 30–300 cm. high, arising from a short oblique rhizome, often wiry; ligule absent or a line of hairs; leaf laminae occasionally marked with purple bars.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 7–25 cm. long, lanceolate (occasionally linear); racemes 1–5 cm. long, densely crowded with appressed spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets small, 1.5–2.5(3) mm. long, subglobose to elliptic, ± hispid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Inferior floret male, its lemma acute or with a short curved awn up to 5(15) mm. long.
Inferior
Inferior floret male, its lemma acute or with a short curved awn up to 5(15) mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Superior lemma 1.5–2.3 mm. long.
Superior
Superior lemma 1.5–2.3 mm. long.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Rhizomatous perennial; culms 30–300 cm. high, often wiry.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 5–30 cm. long, 3–10(–20) mm. wide, occasionally with purple bars; ligule absent or a fringe of hairs; sheaths glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence lanceolate (occasionally linear), 7–25 cm. long, the racemes 1–5 cm. long and densely crowded with appressed spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets elliptic to subglobose, small, 1.5–2.5(–3) mm. long, ± hispid; lower floret ♂, acute or with a short curved awn up to 5(–15) mm. long; upper lemma 1.5–2.3 mm. long.
Habitat
Stream banks, dry river beds, alluvial flood plains and black clays; 0–1900 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 T7 T8 Sudan and Ethiopia to Zimbabwe

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Trinidad-Tobago

Echinochloa haploclada (Stapf) Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Kenya K000282389
Scott Elliot, G.F. [6291] K000282390
Hildebrandt, J.M. [2022], Kenya K000282391 syntype
Kassner [455] K000282392
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1954], Kenya K000282393
Speke, Tanzania K000282394 syntype
Speke, Tanzania K000282420 syntype

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 613 (1920)

Accepted by

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 42 (1958).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 65 (1965).
  • Edwards & Bogdan, Imp. grassl. pl. Kenya: 53 (1951).
  • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 16 (1947).
  • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 37 (1958).
  • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 27 (1960).
  • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 613 (1920).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0