Festuca bromoides L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 75 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, Europe to Caucasus, Sahara to Kenya, SW. Cameroon, SW. Arabian Peninsula. It is an annual and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as animal food.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 2000–3500 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Huila, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, Santander, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
[UPFC]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Ecology
Alt. 2000 - 3500 m.
Morphology General Habit
Herb.
Distribution
Introduced and naturalised in Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
[UPB]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 2000 - 3500 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Annual.
Morphology Culms
Culms 5–60 cm. high, loosely tufted or solitary, erect or geniculately ascending, slender.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 1–18 cm. long and 0.5–3 mm. wide, flat or rolled, rough near the tip and on the margins, puberulous above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle lanceolate to narrowly oblong, 1–13 cm. long, loose or contracted, erect or nodding, long-exserted from the sheath.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets oblong or wedge-shaped, 7–14 mm. long (excluding awns), 3–10-flowered, green or purplish; lower glume linear-lanceolate, 2–6 mm. long; upper glume subulate-lanceolate, 5–10 mm. long; lemmas 6–9 mm. long, scabrid, tipped with a scaberulous awn up to 12 mm. long; anther usually 1, 0.3–0.6 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 22.
Habitat
Rocky places, stream banks and roadsides in occasional colonies in the uplands; 2300–3900 m.
Distribution
K2 K3 K6 T7 U3 Europe, Mediterranean regionintroduced into South Africa and most other temperate countries
[FTEA]

Morphology General Habit
Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose. Culms erect, or decumbent; 5-60 cm long. Leaf-sheaths without keel; smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2-0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 1-18 cm long; 0.5-3 mm wide; firm, or flaccid. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle; exserted. Panicle open, or contracted; lanceolate, or oblong; equilateral, or nodding; 1-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed, or ascending. Panicle branches angular; scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 1-4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 3-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 7-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes eventually visible between lemmas; scaberulous.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 3-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 7-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes eventually visible between lemmas; scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear to lanceolate; 2-6 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 5-10 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 5-12 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 1; 0.3-0.6 mm long; retained within floret. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; glabrous. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, south, middle Atlantic ocean, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Caucasus, western Asia, and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: north-central. North America: western Canada, northwest USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America. Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
Reference
Poeae. FTEA.
[GB]

Distribution
Found in Boyacá, Colombia.
[UPFC]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
A very slender annual, up to about 23 cm. high in our area.
[FWTA]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/106095390/106095408

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
[UPFC]

Use Animal Food Grains & Cereals
Eaten by animals (State of the World's Plants 2016).
[UPB]

Common Names

English
Rat's-tail Fescue

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0