Apiaceae Lindl.

Pastinaca L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Mongolia and Lebanon.


Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs with pinnate or 2- or 3-pinnately decomposite leaves, segments often (as in Iraqi species) broad and toothed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound, polygamous, central umbel hermaphrodite, outer umbels usually hermaphrodite and (inner flowers) male
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts of the involucre few or more, bracteoles several or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers yellow
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals ovate, slightly emarginate or entire above with an inflexed (often obtuse) acumen
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx obsolete
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ± round, more rarely elliptical or obovate, strongly dorsally plano-compressed Mericarps with intermediate ribs filiform, slender, laterals thick, closely contiguous, forming a tumid margin to the fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae solitary in the valleculae, 2 on the commissure
Disk crenulate margined
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stylopodium
Stylopodia conical, small or somewhat tumid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Carpophore
Carpophore bipartite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm with the commissural face flat.
Ten species distributed between from the E Mediterranean to Iran and C Asia; only one polymorphic species in Iraq.

Doubtfully present in:


Native to:

Albania, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Corse, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mongolia, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Poland, Romania, Sardegna, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alaska, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Bolivia, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Finland, Free State, Haiti, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Irkutsk, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Kirgizstan, KwaZulu-Natal, Labrador, Laos, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Marianas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Myanmar, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yukon

Pastinaca L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 262 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215.

  • Flora of Iraq

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.