Genus:
Hordeum L.

Hordeum roshevitzii Bowden

This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Europe to Korea and Central Asia.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 25-90 cm long; 3-6 -noded. Culm-nodes glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3-0.4 mm long. Leaf-blades 4-8 cm long; 2-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; linear; bilateral; 3-8 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; scabrous on margins; glabrous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; 1-1.5 mm long; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong; 1.2-2 mm long.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male (rarely); lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-12 mm long; shorter than fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes subulate. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; 4.2 mm long; 1-awned; with 5-9 mm long awn.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-9 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male (rarely); lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-12 mm long; shorter than fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes subulate. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; 4.2 mm long; 1-awned; with 5-9 mm long awn.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-9 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes collateral; similar; recurved at apex. Lower glume subulate; 5-9 mm long; 1 length of upper glume. Upper glume subulate; 5-9 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn curved; spreading; 3-10 mm long overall; limb scabrous. Rhachilla extension 2-4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 1-1.7 mm long. Ovary pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; sulcate on hilar side; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, China, and Mongolia.
Reference
Triticeae. Bothmer 1993.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 80-140 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades 6-15 cm long; 4-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy adaxially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 7-16 cm long; 5-7 mm wide. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong; 0.5-1 mm long.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male (rarely); lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-8 mm long; shorter than fertile, or as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes subulate. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; 5-7 mm long; 1-awned; with 3-4 mm long awn.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 7-10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male (rarely); lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-8 mm long; shorter than fertile, or as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes subulate. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; 5-7 mm long; 1-awned; with 3-4 mm long awn.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 7-10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes collateral; similar. Lower glume lanceolate; 6-9 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; 2-3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins obscure. Lower glume apex setaceously attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 6-9 mm long; 2-3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins obscure. Upper glume apex setaceously attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 7-10 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 6-8 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets distinct from fertile; rudimentary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3; 2-2.3 mm long; yellow. Ovary pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; sulcate on hilar side; 2.5-3.5 mm long; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China.
Reference
Triticeae. Fl China 2007.

Native to:

Altay, Buryatiya, China North-Central, China South-Central, Chita, East European Russia, Inner Mongolia, Irkutsk, Kazakhstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Mongolia, Primorye, Qinghai, West Siberia, Xinjiang

Hordeum roshevitzii Bowden appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. 7: 395 (1965)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
  • Ri?abinina, Z.N. & Kni?azev, M.S. (2009). Opredelitel sosudistykh rastenii Orenburgskoi oblasti: 1-757. Moskva: KMK.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0