Genus:
Hordeum L.

Hordeum tetraploidum Covas

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Chile to Argentina.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; slender; 10-50 cm long. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades 1-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; bilateral; 2.5-6 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; 1-1.5 mm long; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male; lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-8 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes similar in width; subulate; 6-8 mm long. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; 1.5-4.5 mm long; muticous. Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Sterile
Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male; lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-8 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes similar in width; subulate; 6-8 mm long. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 1; 1.5-4.5 mm long; muticous.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6-8 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes collateral; similar; shorter than spikelet, or reaching apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume subulate; 6-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous. Upper glume subulate; 6-8 mm long; coriaceous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; coriaceous; purple; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface smooth. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 2-4.5 mm long overall. Palea 5.5-6.5 mm long. Rhachilla extension 2.5-5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; 1-1.5 mm long; ciliate; acute. Anthers 3. Ovary pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
Distribution
South America: southern South America.
Reference
Triticeae. Fl Pat 1995.

Native to:

Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Chile South

Hordeum tetraploidum Covas appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Revista Argent. Agron. 20: 65 (1953)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0