Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 304 (1919)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean, S. Central China to Indo-China. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is has environmental uses, as animal food and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China South-Central, Comoros, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Canary Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Japan, Jawa, Leeward Is., Marianas, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Northern Territory, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Society Is., Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Western Australia, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Accepted Infraspecifics

Classification

Kew's Tree of Life Explorer

Discover the flowering plant tree of life and the genomic data used to build it.

View the Tree of Life
PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.P. (1973). Énumération des plantes vasculaires du Sénégal: 1-209. Maisons Alfort: Institut d'élevage et de médecine vétérinaire des pays tropicaux.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée. Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi. Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Vigosa-Mercado, J.L. & Fonseca, R.M. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 75: 1-153. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • A. Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 13: 872
  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 426
  • Clayton in Kew Bull., Add. Ser. 2: 60. (1969)
  • in F.T.A. 9: 304 (1919)

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa https://plants.jstor.org/collection/UPWTA in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Bosser, J. & Renvoize, S.A. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 203: 1-276. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Exell, A.W. (1973). Angiosperms of the islands of the gulf of Guinea (Fernando Po, Príncipe, S.Tomé, and Annobon). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Botany 4: 325-411.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Robyns, W. (1929). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1: 1-229. Goemaere, Bruxelles.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Vigosa-Mercado, J.L. & Fonseca, R.M. (2017). Flora de Guerrero 75: 1-153. Facultade de Ciencias, UNAM.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae. Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 60 (1958).
  • Clayton in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 492 (1972).
  • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 108 (1965).
  • Edwards & Bogdan, Imp. Grassl. Pl. Kenya: 78 (1951).
  • Eggeling, Ann. list grasses Ug.: 24 (1947).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 468 (1956).
  • Hubbard, E.A. Pasture Plants 2: 12 (1927).
  • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 45 (1958).
  • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p.36 (1960).
  • Robyns, Fl. Agrost. Congo Belge 1: 165 (1929).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 61 (1955).
  • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 304 (1919).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt (2015). Listado de especies de Productos No Maderables del caribe colombiano. 366 registros, aportados por: Garcia, H. (Contacto del Recurso), López Camacho, R. (Creador del recurso), Espitia Palencia, L. (Proveedor del metadatos). Versión 2.0. http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=le_bst-caribe_plantae_2015
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2014 Glaziou, A.F.M. [s.n.] Brazil K001059301 Yes
Jan 1, 2014 Irwin, H.S.; Soderstrom, T.R. [5169] Brazil K001059305 Yes
Jan 1, 2014 Glaziou, A.F.M. [20068] Brazil K001059304 Yes
Dec 9, 2005 Solano, D.; Santamaría, D. [2929] Costa Rica K001614086 Yes
Nov 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [685] Cameroon K000746256 Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Madsen, J.E. [6128] Burkina Faso K000211880 No
Jan 1, 1997 Madsen, J.E. [6128] Burkina Faso K000211879 No
Nov 1, 1965 Gerard [1085] K000280367 Unknown Type Material Yes
Nov 1, 1965 Glaziou, A.F.M. [9054] Brazil K001059295 Yes
Jan 1, 1964 Eiten, G.; Eiten, L.T. [4746] Brazil K001059296 Yes
Jan 1, 1944 Archer, W.A. [7871] Brazil K001059297 Yes
Braun, A. K000280312 Type Yes
Thollon [1078] Gabon K000280366 Type Yes
Trinit; Dublin; Bernier [s.n.] Madagascar K002074219 Yes
Wallnofer, B.; Tut-Tesucun, F.M. [9584] Guatemala K002445024 No
Phillipson, P. [1552] Madagascar K002074236 Yes
Rodriguez, D.; Pineda, J.F. [4404] El Salvador K002445032 No
[Perier de la Bâthie] [148] Madagascar K002074228 Yes
Oppenheimer, H.L.; Tanaka, D. [121801] United States K001614924 No
Bidgood, S.; Merrett, L.; Vollesen, K. [9379] Zambia K001528832 Yes
Hildebrandt, J.M. [3994] Madagascar K002074226 Yes
Lebrun, J. [1645] Congo, Republic of the K001622705 Yes
Laegaard, S.; Bambara, A.; Sangare, H. [21332] Burkina Faso K000211867 No
Hodgskin, H.T.; Stansfield, C.E. [132] Madagascar K002074218 Yes
s.coll. [[5663]] Madagascar K002074214 Yes
Innes, R.R. [RRI 99] Honduras K002445028 No
{Boivin} [2303] Madagascar K002074222 Yes
s.coll. [2387] Madagascar K002074213 Yes
Dorr, L.J. [2810] Madagascar K002074235 Yes
Smitinand, T. [8756] Thailand K000688864 No
Tucker, J.M. [554] El Salvador K002445039 No
Hage, J.L.; dos Santos, E.B. [745] Brazil K000004651 No
Braun, A. K000280313 Isotype Yes
[Perier de la Bâthie] [177] Madagascar K002074225 Yes
Schimper [935] Ethiopia K000280311 Type Yes
Galán, P.; Santamaría, O. [2081] El Salvador K002445038 No
Sukkri, B. [83] Thailand K000688861 No
Afzelius, K.R. [s.n.] Madagascar K002074223 Yes
Bidgood, S.; Merrett, L.; Vollesen, K. [9389] Zambia K001528849 Yes
Lobo, S. [1736] Costa Rica K001516847 Yes
Schimper [928] K000280309 Isotype Yes
Tateoka, T. [3523] Madagascar K002074238 Yes
Naegele, A. [8] Burkina Faso K000211874 No
Saint-Hilaire, A.F.C.P. [1105] Brazil K001059302 Yes
Labat, J.N. [3226] Comoros K002074240 Yes
Essou, J.P. ; Agbani, P. ; Yedomonhan, H. [756] Benin K001562433 Yes
Pohl, J.B.E. [1128] Brazil K001059299 Yes
Renvoize, S.A.; de Carvalho, A.M. [4314] Brazil K000004650 No
Galán, P.; Matute, G.A. [3508] El Salvador K002445033 No
Scholz [183] Burkina Faso K000211876 No
Pineda, I.C. [89] Honduras K002445027 No
Lobo, S.; Ruiz-Boyer, A. [1871] Costa Rica K001561351 Yes
Lobo, S. [1770] Costa Rica K001561328 Yes
Oppenheimer, H.L.; Tanaka, D. [121801] United States K001614923 No
Laegaard, S.; Mipro, H.; Sobere, T. [18303] Burkina Faso K000211869 No
Duong [1509] Mali K000211882 No
s.coll. [5400] Madagascar K002074215 Yes
Sorensen, Th.; Larsen, K.; Hansen, B. [2569] Thailand K000688862 No
Innes, R.R. [RRI 45] Honduras K002445029 No
Smitinand, T. [2614] Thailand K000688863 No
Humbert, H.; Swingle, C.F. [4648] Madagascar K002074239 Yes
Hildebrandt, J.M. [3993] Madagascar K002074229 Yes
Scholz [186] Burkina Faso K000211877 No
Adam, J.-.G. [11409] Mali K000211884 No
[N. E. Vauzhan] [s.n.] Madagascar K002074230 Yes
Meller [s.n.] Madagascar K002074233 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [9054] Brazil K001059303 Yes
Schimper [1118] Ethiopia K000280310 Type Yes
Afzelius, K.R. [s.n.] Madagascar K002074237 Yes
Martius [1930] Brazil K000004647 Type No
Rose Innes, R. [31469] Burkina Faso K000211878 No
Morton, C.V. [7696] Honduras K002445025 No
s.coll. [s.n.] Madagascar K002074217 Yes
Davey, J.T. [8] Mali K000211870 No
Galán, P.; Matute, G.A. [3507] El Salvador K002445034 No
Martius [1931] Brazil K000004648 Type No
Mori, S.A.; dos Santos, T.S.; Langenheim, J.H. [11885] Brazil K000004652 No
Galán, P.; Torres, M.; Olmedo, P. [1920] El Salvador K002445037 No
Rakotonasolo, F. [RNF1827] Madagascar K000663732 Yes
Estrada, A.; Chacon, R.; Ruiz, A.; Otros [3143] Costa Rica K002445043 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [22379] Brazil K001059300 Yes
Echeverría, M.A. [88] Honduras K002445026 No
Galán, P.; Cabrera, R. [2675] El Salvador K002445035 No
Celarier, R. [A-2671] Madagascar K002074212 Yes
Archer, W.A. [4188] Brazil K001059298 Yes
Galán, P.; Rodriguez, D.; Ramos, P. [2516] El Salvador K002445036 No
s.coll. [923] Madagascar K002074216 Yes
Hawkes, J.G. [2193] Nicaragua K002445041 No
Rogeon, J.-.F. [228] Mali K000211883 No
Laegaard, S.; Mipro, H.; Sobere, T. [18320] Burkina Faso K000211868 No
Quesada, A.; Chacon, R.; Estrada, A.; Otros [937] Costa Rica K002445042 No
Burchell, W.J. [6241] Brazil K001059294 Yes
Timberlake, J. [5312] Malawi K000614658 Yes
s.coll. [2382] Madagascar K002074221 Yes
Martius [1930] Brazil K000004649 Type No
Scott Elliot, G.F. [1751] Madagascar K002074227 Yes
Scholz [50] Burkina Faso K000211875 No
Irwin, H.S.; Soderstrom, T.R. [6833] Brazil K001059306 Yes
Smith Congo, Republic of the K000280365 Isotype Yes
Tucker, J.M. [953] El Salvador K002445040 No
Phillipson, P. [1800] Madagascar K002074232 Yes
Welwitsch [7409] Angola K000280224 Isotype Yes
Welwitsch [7409] Angola K000280225 Isotype Yes
Parker, G.W. [s.n.] Madagascar K002074220 Yes
Humbert, H.; Swingle, C.F. [5077] Madagascar K002074231 Yes
Ryves, T.B.; Clement, E.J. [94TR/143] Trinidad and Tobago K002445048 No
Adam, J.-.G. [11309] Mali K000211871 No
Schofield, J. [5] Madagascar K002074224 Yes
Farrow, R.A. [71] Mali K000211881 No
Box, H.E. [131] Saint Kitts and Nevis K002445047 No
Smitinand, T. [11790] Thailand K000688865 No

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0