Hyparrhenia schimperi (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Andersson ex Stapf

This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Africa, Madagascar.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Butt sheaths glabrous, or pubescent. Culms erect; robust; 200-400 cm long; 4-8 mm diam.; without nodal roots, or with prop roots. Leaves cauline. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 30-60 cm long; 10-20 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence compound; paniculate; 30-60 cm long. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; enclosed. Spatheole lanceolate; 2.2-3.2 cm long; membranous; brown; glabrous. Peduncle 1-1.5 cm long; pilose above. Racemes 2; paired; deflexed; 1.2-1.6 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 3-4 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; ciliate on margins. Rhachis hairs white. Rhachis internodes linear; 2-2.5 mm long. Rhachis internode tip oblique; flat. Raceme-bases flattened; subequal; 0.5-1.5 mm long; stiffly setose; scariously rimmed. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; flattened; ciliate; tip oblique.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; on lower raceme 2 in number; 0 in upper raceme; lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes glabrous to pilose; smooth on margins; lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male; lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-7 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; glabrous to pilose; acute; muticous, or awned; one glume awned; with 1-6 mm long awn. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus cuneate; 0.5-0.8 mm long; pubescent; base acute; attached obliquely.
Sterile
Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; on lower raceme 2 in number; 0 in upper raceme; lanceolate; 5-8 mm long; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes glabrous to pilose; smooth on margins; lower glume muticous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male; lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 5-7 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; glabrous to pilose; acute; muticous, or awned; one glume awned; with 1-6 mm long awn. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus cuneate; 0.5-0.8 mm long; pubescent; base acute; attached obliquely.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; keel-less except near apex. Lower glume surface glabrous to pubescent. Lower glume apex dentate; 2 -fid. Upper glume linear; coriaceous; without keels.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 1 length of fertile lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined. Fertile lemma linear; membranous; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 20-33 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn puberulous, or pubescent; with 0.2-0.4 mm long hairs. Palea absent or minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Distribution
Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean.
Reference
Andropogoneae. WDC.

Native to:

Angola, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Hyparrhenia schimperi (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Andersson ex Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Schimper [1052] K000280324 Yes
Schimper [408] K000280325 isotype Yes
Quarré [295], Congo, DRC K000280346 isotype Yes
Quarré [295], Congo, DRC K000280345 isotype Yes

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 341 (1919)

Accepted by

  • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae. Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
  • Cope, T.A. (2002). Flora Zambesiaca 10(4): 1-190. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Robyns, W. (1929). Flore Agrostologique du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1: 1-229. Goemaere, Bruxelles.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0