Koeleria capensis (Thunb.) Nees

This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon, Ethiopia to S. Africa, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths papery; not bulbous, or thickened and forming a bulb; persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect; 20-80 cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades convolute; 5-30 cm long; 0.5-2 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear, or lanceolate; continuous, or interrupted; 4-15 cm long. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; pubescent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite; pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets, or shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; shiny; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-6 mm long; 0.8-1 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner on margins; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.5-6 mm long; 0.8-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; with hyaline margins; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic; 3-6.5 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; shiny; keeled; keeled above; 3 -veined. Lemma surface asperulous. Lemma apex acute, or acuminate. Palea gaping. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; oblong; membranous; 2-toothed. Anthers 3; (1-)1.8-2.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
Distribution
Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
Reference
Aveneae. FTEA.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial, 23–45 cm. high.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Densely caespitose perennial; culms 20–80 cm. high, simple, erect, bulbous at the base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades 5–30 cm. long and up to 2 mm. wide, convolute, stiff and wiry, glabrous or pubescent; ligule up to 2 mm. long, membranous; old leaf-sheaths shredding into stiff brown slivers forming a dense tuft about the base of the culm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle linear to lanceolate, 4–15 cm. long, dense and continuous or lobed and interrupted; rhachis pubescent to tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 1–3-flowered, green, purplish or palely shining; glumes glabrous or minutely pubescent, acute or acuminate, the lower narrowly lanceolate, shorter than the upper, 1-nerved, the upper elliptic, 3.5–6 mm. long, 1–3-nerved; lemmas elliptic, 3–5 mm. long, 3-nerved, asperulous, acute to acuminate, rarely obtuse or mucronate; anthers (1–)1.8–2.5 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 27, p. 80.
Habitat
Upland grassland and moorland, sometimes on dry open ground with little vegetation; 1800–5300 m.
Distribution
from the Cameroun Republic and Ethiopia southwards to the Cape K2 K3 K4 K5 T2 T7 T8 U1 U3

[FZ]

Gramineae, E. Launert. Flora Zambesiaca 10:1. 1971

Morphology General Habit
A densely caespitose very variable perennial.
Morphology Culms
Culms 15-90 cm. tall, 1-2-noded, erect or rarely geniculately ascending, simple, slender, almost wiry, terete, glabrous to sometimes thinly tomentose in the upper part.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves densely crowded at the slightly thickened base; leaf-sheaths longer than the lower internodes, striate, usually somewhat loose, often papery, long persistent, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Leaves Ligules
Ligule c. 2 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Leaf-laminae 3-35 cm. long, very narrowly linear to filiform, tapering to a hard bluntish tip, usually convolute or simply plicate, somewhat stiff, usually erect or nearly so, glabrous or pubescent, smooth or finely asperulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Panicle (3)5-12(17) cm. long, erect, more or less cylindric, rather condensed, almost spike-like, continuous, or sometimes lobed and often interrupted; rhachis pubescent to thinly tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 4-7 mm. long, 2-4-flowered, elliptic to elliptic-obovate in lateral view, gaping, green, often tinged with purple, or sometimes variegated with brown and purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes with the keels scabrous or sometimes ciliolate towards the apex, margins hyaline and thin; the inferior 3.5-6 mm. long, 1-nerved, narrowly lanceolate; the superior 4.5-6 mm. long, usually 3-nerved, elliptic, apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Lemma
Lemmas 4-6.5 mm. long, 3-nerved, elliptic to elliptic-oblong, apex acuminate, with the keel scaberulous or sometimes ciliolate, the flanks asperulous or finely puberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 2-3 mm. long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis c. 3 mm. long.

Native to:

Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Koeleria capensis (Thunb.) Nees appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Dec 1, 1963 Boughey, A.S. [12672], Cameroon K000181983 No
Jan 1, 1963 Morton, J.K. [6895], Cameroon K000181989 No
Jan 1, 1961 Boughey, A.S. [12644], Cameroon K000181987 No
Jan 1, 1961 Morton, J.K. [K 1002], Cameroon K000181982 No
Burchell, W. J. [4246], South Africa K000345046 Yes
Burchell, W. J. [119], South Africa K000345047 Yes
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000345048 Yes
Zeyher [2583], South Africa K000345049 Yes
Harvey [147], South Africa K000345051 Yes
Ecklon, U.J. [945], South Africa K000345050 Yes
Cooper, T. [914], South Africa K000345053 Yes
Lehmann [s.n.], South Africa K000345054 Yes
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000345055 Yes
Zeyher [4586], South Africa K000345057 Yes
South Africa K000345056 Yes
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000345058 Yes
Bolus, H. [710], South Africa K000345059 Yes
Buchanan, J. [s.n.], South Africa K000345061 Yes
Whyte, A. [s.n.] K000345063 Yes
Buchanan, J. [991] K000345064 Yes
Buchanan, J. [989] K000345065 Yes
Volkens, G. [1351], Tanzania K000345066 Yes
Thaarer, A. [1122], Tanzania K000345067 Unknown type material Yes
Schimper [671], Ethiopia K000345069 Yes
Schimper [689], Ethiopia K000345068 Yes
Schimper [s.n.], Ethiopia K000345070 Yes
Drege [s.n.], South Africa K000345052 Yes
Johnston, H. H. [64] K000345062 Yes
Zeyher [4594], South Africa K000345060 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [1297], Cameroon K000181984 No
Breteler, F.J. [68], Cameroon K000181991 No
Linder, D.H. [3452], Cameroon K000181995 No
Keay, R.W.J. [28617], Cameroon K000181988 No

First published in Linnaea 7: 321 (1832)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Launert, E. (1971). Flora Zambesiaca 10(1): 1-152. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Linnaea 7: 321 (1832).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Launert, E. (1971). Flora Zambesiaca 10(1): 1-152. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Nees in Linnaea 7: 321 (1832).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0