Turgenia Hoffm.

First published in Gen. Pl. Umbell.: 59 (1814)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Europe to Mongolia and W. Himalaya, N. Africa.

Descriptions

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual herbs, hispid or setose, leaves simply pinnate with broad, toothed leaflets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Umbels compound
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Involucre
Involucre and involucral bracts present, of ovate, broadly scarious-margined bracts and bracteoles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white or reddish, polygamous as in Caucalis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obovate, smaller incised above with an incurved lobule, outer petals of the outer hermaphrodite flowers somewhat larger to much expanded and persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
No ring of hairs present at top of fruiting pedicels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit ellipsoid, somewhat laterally compressed, commissure narrow Mericarps subterete, marginal primary ridges filiform, the 3 slender dorsal primary ridges with a single row, and the prominent secondary ridges with 1or 2 rows of straight, scabrid, glochidiate-tipped spines
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits Vittae
Vittae distinct, solitary beneath secondary ridges
Disc
Disk not obvious, stylopodia conical-Carpophore undivided or shortly bifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Endosperm
Endosperm subterete or slightly compressed, deeply sulcate on the commissural face and with margins deeply involute.
Distribution
Two species in W & S Europe, the Mediterranean region, N Africa and SW to C Asia; both represented in Iraq.
Note
Turgenia (named in honor of D. A. Turgenev, Director of the Office of Prince Golitsyn, an old friend and fellow student of Hoffmann at Gottingen University).
[FIQ]

Sources

  • Flora of Iraq

    • Ghazanfar, S. A., Edmondson, J. R. (Eds). (2013-2019). Flora of Iraq, Volumes 5.1, 5.2 and 6.0. Kew Publishing
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0