Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Mexico.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths papery; pilose; persistent and investing base of culm; with soft dead sheaths. Culms erect; 10-60 cm long; 1-3 -noded. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.2-0.7 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform, or linear; flat, or convolute; 5-20 cm long; 1-2.5 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface smooth, or scabrous; glabrous, or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle pubescent above. Panicle spiciform; linear, or lanceolate; continuous, or interrupted; 1-10 cm long; 0.5-2 cm wide. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or cuneate; laterally compressed; 4-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets, or shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; shiny; gaping. Lower glume oblong; 3-4 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner on margins; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 4-5.5 mm long; 1-1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; with hyaline margins; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma oblong; 3.5-5.5 mm long; membranous; much thinner on margins; shiny; keeled; keeled above; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute; muticous, or mucronate, or awned; 0-1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0-0.4(-0.7) mm long overall. Palea gaping. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; oblong; membranous; 2-toothed. Anthers 3; 1.4-2.4 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis 2.5-3 mm long.
Distribution
Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet far east, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, Mongolia, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: Australia. Pacific: north-central. North America: Subarctic, western Canada, eastern Canada, northwest USA, north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico.
Reference
Aveneae. TAC.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colorado, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Louisiana, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, North Caucasus, North Dakota, Northwest Territorie, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Poland, Primorye, Qinghai, Québec, Romania, Saskatchewan, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Washington, West Himalaya, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Yukon

Introduced into:

Hawaii, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria

Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
s.coll. [s.n.], India K000032276 Unknown type material Yes
Thomson, T. [s.n.], India K000032277 Unknown type material Yes
Duthie, J. F. [24], India K000032278 Unknown type material Yes
Croall, A. [348], United Kingdom K000433896 Unknown type material Yes
illegible [s.n.], Serbia K000808634 Yes
Grenier, J.C.M. [s.n.], France K000808637 Yes
Richter, L. [346], Austria K000808638 Yes
Nuttall, T. [s.n.], Arkansas K000808770 Yes
Dalhousie, C [s.n.], India K000808796 Unknown type material Yes
Faurie, P.U.J. [1213], Japan K000808799 Yes
Sintenis, P.E.E. [6165], Turkey K000808810 Yes
Aitchison, J.E.T. [958], Afghanistan K000808813 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Northern America K000808775 Yes
Hall, H.M. [2131], California K000808779 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], France K000808636 Yes
Lyall, D. [s.n.], Oregon K000808772 Yes
Henry, A. [3505], Hubei K000808797 Yes
Hall, H.M. [1342], California K000808780 Yes
Wooton, E.O. [110], New Mexico K000808778 Yes
Lange, J. [45b], Italy K000808635 Yes
Liebmann [609], Mexico K000308327 Yes
Aitchison, J.E.T. [590], Afghanistan K000808812 Yes
Lyall, D. [s.n.], Oregon K000808773 Yes
Baker, C.F. [578], Colorado K000808774 Yes
Jamovic, A. [s.n.], Serbia K000808633 Yes
Croall, A. [348], United Kingdom K000433897 Unknown type material Yes
Olguin [s.n.] K000808811 Yes
Nuttall, T. [s.n.], Oregon K000808776 Yes
Brandegee, T.S. [3678], California K000808771 Yes
Bretschneider, E. [848], China K000808798 Yes
Hall, H.M. [2206], California K000808777 Yes
Schur, P.J.F. [4411], Romania K000808639 Yes

First published in Mant. 2: 345 (1824)

Accepted by

  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 2: 367-766. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • von Raab-Straube, E. & Raus, T. (eds.) (2015). Euro+Med-Checklist Notulae, 5 Willdenowia 45: 449-464.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

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  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
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  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

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