Genus:
Melica L.

Melica scaberrima (Nees ex Steud.) Hook.f.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Pakistan to S. Central China.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes elongated. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 50-150 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 1 of their length closed; retrorsely scabrous; glabrous on surface, or hispid. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 15-35 cm long; 3-5.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; effuse; 20-40 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading, or reflexed; distant; 6-15 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 2-6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8.5-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2-2.5 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8.5-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2-2.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate, or elliptic; 3.5-4.5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate, or elliptic; 4.8-6.3 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma elliptic, or oblong; 7-8.5 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma surface scaberulous. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 2; united; oblong; fleshy; truncate. Anthers 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Meliceae. Fl Pak 1993.

Native to:

China South-Central, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya

Melica scaberrima (Nees ex Steud.) Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 3, 1989 s.coll. [4703 a], India K000032227 lectotype Yes
Mar 3, 1989 Duthie, J. F. [5120], India K000032228 paratype Yes

First published in Fl. Brit. India 7: 330 (1896)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0