Miscanthus sinensis Andersson

This species is accepted, and its native range is China to Malesia, Russian Far East to Temp. E. Asia.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 60-200 cm long; 3-7 mm diam. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-70 cm long; 6-20 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle glabrous, or pubescent above. Racemes few, or numerous; 4-40; digitate; drooping, or ascending; 10-30 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 6-15 cm long. Rhachis tough; subterete; glabrous on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform; 4-8 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; unequal; 1.5-6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.3-1.7 length of spikelet.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.3-1.7 length of spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; acute. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; with membranous margins; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.8 length of spikelet; hyaline; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins; obtuse. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.25-0.33 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 6-12 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea 0.5 length of lemma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, Caucasus, western Asia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: northwestern. North America: northeast USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: southern South America.
Reference
Andropogoneae. Koyama.

Native to:

Borneo, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Khabarovsk, Korea, Kuril Is., Laos, Maluku, Manchuria, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Primorye, Sakhalin, South China Sea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Austria, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Chile Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Egypt, Florida, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Illinois, Italy, Kentucky, Louisiana, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uruguay, Virginia, West Virginia

English
Dwarf Maiden Grass, Dwarf Zebra Maidengrass, Zebra Grass

Miscanthus sinensis Andersson appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 1971 Wright, C. [s.n.], Japan K001064378 Yes
Dec 29, 1963 Yamazaki, T. [296], Japan K001064361 Yes
Mar 1, 1962 McKee, H.S. [9004], New South Wales K001064499 Yes
Dec 1, 1871 s.coll. [s.n.], Japan K001064396 Yes
Furuse, M. [46147], Japan K001064365 Yes
Furuse, M. [41746], Japan K001064374 Yes
Henry, A. [s.n.], Japan K001064377 Yes
Kirkham [KFBX 151], South Korea K001064367 Yes
Furuse, M. [39526], Japan K001064392 Yes
Furuse, M. [28543], Japan K001064394 Yes
Faurie, P. [10667], Japan K001064400 Yes
Xiao Bai-Zhong [4723], China K001064408 Yes
Keng [3895], China K001064409 Yes
Hu, H.H. [571], China K001064418 Yes
Hu, H.H. [571], China K001064420 Yes
Keng [s.n.], China K001064423 Yes
Henry, A. [s.n.], China K001064427 Yes
Tsiang, Y. [8841], China K001064431 Yes
Tsang, W.T. [20750], China K001064432 Yes
Carson-Roberts, D. [s.n.], Hong Kong K001064433 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [8451], Hong Kong K001064435 Yes
Hinds [s.n.], Hong Kong K001064439 Yes
Hu, A.Y. [9301], Hong Kong K001064446 Yes
Price, W.R. [1005], Taiwan K001064455 Yes
Holttum, R.E. [38435], Peninsular Malaysia K001064492 Yes
Henderson, D.L.W. [299], New South Wales K001064498 Yes
Furuse, M. [11599], Japan K001064369 Yes
Furuse, M. [7120], Japan K001064371 Yes
Brumbach, W.M. [6925], Pennsylvania K001064506 Yes
Wright, C. [s.n.], Japan K001064390 Yes
Kirkham [ETOT200], Taiwan K001064453 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [6403], Hong Kong K001064436 Yes
Walker, E. [7773], Japan K001064399 Yes
Maekawa, F. [7136], Japan K001064424 Yes
Savatier, P.A.L. [1504], Japan K001064404 Yes
Vickery, J. [17889], New South Wales K001064496 Yes
McClure, F.A. [10146], China K001064429 Yes
Henry, A. [1175], Taiwan K001064452 Yes
Furuse, M. [6932], Japan K001064370 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Hong Kong K001064440 Yes
Sampson, T. [973], China K001064412 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [8900], Hong Kong K001064449 Yes
Oldham, R. [300], Japan K001064401 Yes
Furuse, M. [26811], Japan K001064395 Yes
But, P. [279], Hong Kong K001064434 Yes
Long, B. [522], Pennsylvania K001064509 Yes
Furuse, M. [4502], Japan K001064398 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], China K001064413 Yes
Tanaka, H. [s.n.], Japan K001064397 Yes
Long, B. [522], Pennsylvania K001064510 Yes
Reeves [s.n.], China K001064426 Yes
Constable, E.F. [11116], New South Wales K001064501 Yes
Takeda, H. [s.n.], Japan K001064406 Yes
Sampson, T. [809], China K001064428 Yes
Chow, K.S. [78079], China K001064410 Yes
Henry, A. [5065], China K001064411 Yes
Hickin, H.J. [s.n.], China K001064419 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [6052], Hong Kong K001064445 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [8469], New South Wales K001064500 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [11195], Hong Kong K001064443 Yes
Henry [1185], Taiwan K001064450 Yes
Furuse, M. [13470], Japan K001064362 Yes
Constable, E.F. [22672], New South Wales K001064497 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [8161], Hong Kong K001064447 Yes
Ohwi, J. [s.n.], Japan K001064372 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [6045], Hong Kong K001064441 Yes
Price, W.R. [1005], Taiwan K001064456 Yes
Faurie [3280], Japan K001064376 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [8395], Hong Kong K001064448 Yes
Britt, R.F. [3054], North Carolina K001064507 Yes
Holttum, R.E. [24995], Peninsular Malaysia K001064491 Yes
Henry, A. [1185], Taiwan K001064451 Yes
Rehon, J. [s.n.], South Africa K001064505 Yes
Henry, A. [10014], China K001064421 Yes
Moseley [s.n.], Malaysia K001064495 Yes
Murata, J. [15759], Japan K001064375 Yes
Murata, G. [19239], Japan K001064407 Yes
Chung, H.H. [2012], Fujian K001064417 Yes
Cheo, H.C. [388], China K001064415 Yes
Burkill, H.M. [HMB 845], Peninsular Malaysia K001064490 Yes
s.coll. [546], Hong Kong K001064438 Yes
Schindler, A.K. [317], China K001064416 Yes
Rockhill, W.W. [s.n.], China K001064422 Yes
Ridley, H.M. [9102], Borneo K001064494 Yes
Tanaka, H. [s.n.], Japan K001064403 Yes
Furuse, M. [42477], Japan K001064364 Yes
Yasuda, K. [1815], Japan K001064350 Yes
Faurie [5097], Japan K001064402 Yes
Gillis, W.T. [14376], Michigan K001064508 Yes
Furuse, M. [1628], Japan K001064389 Yes
But, P. [278a], Hong Kong K001064437 Yes
Maruyama [1601], Japan K001064363 Yes
Wykeham Perry, R [s.n.], Korea K001064368 Yes
Ridley [14033], Peninsular Malaysia K001064489 Yes
Asai, Sya [21362], Taiwan K001064442 Yes
Furuse, M. [1365], Japan K001064388 Yes
Nie, M. [92281], China K001064414 Yes
Furuse, M. [1599], Japan K001064349 Yes
Furuse, M. [41705], Japan K001064373 Yes
Kirkham, T. [151], South Korea K000493924 Yes
Tanaka, H. [s.n.], Japan K001064393 Yes
Furuse, M. [1367], Japan K001064387 Yes
Price, W.R. [1006], Taiwan K001064454 Yes
Du Toit, P.C.V. [1176], South Africa K001064504 Yes
Holttum, R.E. [25268], Borneo K001064493 Yes
Furuse, M. [4636], Japan K001064351 Yes
Price, W.R. [1006], Taiwan K001064457 Yes
McClure, F.A. [10146], China K001064430 Yes
Wright, C. [s.n.], Japan K001064391 Yes
Licent, E. [2429], China K001064425 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [8396], Hong Kong K001064444 Yes
Furuse, M. [4614746147], Japan K001064366 Yes
Faurie, P. [4636], Japan K001064405 Yes
Taquet [1782], Korea Miscanthus sinensis subsp. purpurascens K001064475 Yes

First published in Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 12: 166 (1855)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Serviss, B.E., Peck, J.H. & Graves, T.A. (2014). The first naturalised occurance of the Cannaceae family in the Arkansas (U.S.A.) flora, with additional new and noteworthy Angiosperm records from the state Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 637-639.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Danihelka, J. Chrtek, J. & Kaplan, Z. (2012). Checklist of vascular plants of the Czech Republic Preslia. Casopsi Ceské Botanické Spolecnosti 84: 647-811.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
  • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Kharkevich, S.S., Probatova, N.S. & Novikov, V.S. (1985). Sosudistye rasteniia sovetskogo Dal’nego Vostoka 1: 1-383. Izd-vo "Nauka," Leningradskoe otd-nie, Leningrad.
  • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
  • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
  • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Serviss, B.E., Peck, J.H. & Graves, T.A. (2014). The first naturalised occurance of the Cannaceae family in the Arkansas (U.S.A.) flora, with additional new and noteworthy Angiosperm records from the state Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8: 637-639.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

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