Miscanthus sinensis Andersson

First published in Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 12: 166 (1855)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is China to Malesia, Russian Far East to Temp. E. Asia. It is a perennial or rhizomatous geophyte and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 60-200 cm long; 3-7 mm diam. Leaves basal and cauline. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-70 cm long; 6-20 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle glabrous, or pubescent above. Racemes few, or numerous; 4-40; digitate; drooping, or ascending; 10-30 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 6-15 cm long. Rhachis tough; subterete; glabrous on surface. Rhachis internodes filiform; 4-8 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels filiform; unequal; 1.5-6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.3-1.7 length of spikelet.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4.5-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded; base truncate. Spikelet callus hairs white; 1.3-1.7 length of spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume apex entire, or dentate; 2 -fid; acute. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; with membranous margins; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 0.8 length of spikelet; hyaline; 1 -veined; without lateral veins; ciliolate on margins; obtuse. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.25-0.33 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 6-12 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea 0.5 length of lemma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: Soviet far east, Caucasus, western Asia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: northwestern. North America: northeast USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: southern South America.
Reference
Andropogoneae. Koyama.
[GB]

Common Names

English
Dwarf Maiden Grass, Dwarf Zebra Maidengrass, Zebra Grass

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images